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    888网站【hhkpzn.buzz】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。肇庆谀芍谝文化传媒有限公司(原呼和浩特淘季颗电子有限公司)成立于1990年,占地面积42054平方米,腾飞开户官网其中生产厂房占地2317平方米,仓库面积占地3396平方米。固定资产8763万元,流动资产6746万元,干部职工共679人,工程技术人员49人。888网站——SurveyonProjectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"inHandanCityByWangHui,InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourceofDRC,JinSanlin,ResearchInstituteofRuralEconomyofDRCJiangHaoduan,,tmanyoflandresources,whichha,atpresent,thenumberoftheda,accountingfor11%,,in2005,theoutputofrawcoalisabout2billiontons,ited,thereclamationoftheabandonedminingareasissignificbytheMinistryofLandandResources,,accountingfor11%,therateofnationallandreclaimedis12%,whichisfarlessthanthatofover50%’hearablelandisanimportantmeasurestoimplementscientificviewofdevelopment,adheretothemoststri,developcycledeconomy,establisheconomicsociety,andpromotetheall-roundcoelopmentandConsolidationPlanin2003,listing,,consideringlocalfeatures,somelocalgovernmentshavemadealotofachievementsandacquiredexperiencesthroughstudyingandimple,theprojectof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland"promotedbyHandanCityhasmadegreateffectsinpromotingthereclamationofabandonedminingareas,raisingtheefficiencyoflanduse,,,gicalsituationwithdesertedland,environmentaldeteriorationinminingareas,,withcloseupofpartialmineresources,regulationofminingindustry,andadjustmentofminingindustrystructure,miningindustry,economizeandutilizelandresourcesinminingareas,HandancityhasinvestedmorethanRMB100millionyuansince2003,andimplementedtheintegratedregulationprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".,andhasgainedpositiveeconomicbenefits,:Firstly,rcesdepartment,HandanCityhasmadeouttheintegratedregulationimplementationplanof"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",stickingtothepolicythat"theonewhoreclaimsgainbenefits",,,onmentinalltheclosed-upminesintwoyears.Secondly,,HandanCityhasestablishedthemulti-channelinvestmentsystemwithself-raisedfundsbybeneficiaryunitsasthemajorway,andotherinvestmentassupplement,bri,thatis,nationallandresourcesdepartmentsubsidizesRMB15thousandyuanforthereclamationofeveryonehectareofland,withresourcesreservefundsaslaunchingcapitalfortheproject,andlocalgovernment,individualsandcollectivesareeffe,"TurningAbandonedMinesintoReclaimedFarmland",HandanCityhassetoutandformulatedvariouskindsofregulationmodes,suchasturningwasteresidueandabandonedareasintoland,forcultivation,.Thesefeaturedmodesofreclamation,havemaximallyutilizedvariousabandonedlandbymines,andminimizedthecostofreclamation,whichhavenotonlyeffectivelyimprovedtheecologicalenvironmentoftheminingareas,,rectifyingtheorder,"threeregulations"thatmustbeoperatedsimultaneously—thecombinationofregulatingdisorderandregulatingmessy,thecombinationofrectificationandconformity,andthecombin,regulatingdisordermeanstostrictlysuperviseillegalactionintermsofprospectingandminingwithoutlicense,orbeyondthepermittedareas;regulatingmessymeanstoformulateandimplementtheplanofintegratingallthemineresourcesinHandanCity,optimizeandmakeall-roundadjustmentinthelayoutoftheminingfield,andtopromotetheexplorationandutilizationofresources;seekingpermanentsolutiontotheproblemsmeanstointensifythemanagementofminingrights,drivethecommercializationofminingrights,andpromotetheestablishmentofgreenminestargetingtheprojectof"ThousandMinesandMoreAcres".Besides,intheprocessofreclamationoftheabandonedlandbymines,basingonoverallsituationofregionaleconomicdevelopment,startingfromindustrialtransformationfortheminingcity,andsolvingproblemsrelatedtominingindustry,mines,miningcityandminers,HandanCityhasexploredthenewtrainsofthoughtsinreclaimingabandonedlandbymines,andformulated"planofoptimizingtheregulationoflandforminesandlayoutofcitylandforconstruction".Throughregulationanddisplacementofabandonedlandbymines,underthepreconditionofassuringthetotalareaoffarmland,guaranteeingthequality,andmaintainingthetotalnumberoflandforconstruction,HandanCityhasoptimizedlanddistribution,,itisworthyofdrawinglessonsfromtheplan’srationalityandfeasibility....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByXuHongqiangResearchReportNo215,2006In1996,China’,itssteelproductionrosefurtherto222milliontonsandbecametheonlyco,China’ssteelproductionshotupto349milliontons,’,Chinacontributedtwo-thirdsoftheincreasedamountofworldsteelproduction,withthecountry’’ssteelproductionanditsshareinworldsteelproductionwentup,thecountry’’,therapidgrowthofs’ssteelproductionandtrade,’sSteelTradeTherapiddevelopmentofChina’’ssteelproductionhasco’ssteelproductionandthechangesinitssteelsupply-demandrelationshaveproducedanincreasinglygreaterimpactontheworldsteelmarketthroughsteeltrade,steeltradehasalsobecomeincreasinglyimportanttoChina’sforeigntradeandtothedevelopmentofthecountry’’ssteeltradegrowsrapidlySincetheChineseeconomyenteredanewroundofgrowthin2002,thecountry’,’,,theaddedvalueofChina’enationaltradevol,China’。

    ByZhangJunkuo,HouYongzhiXuanXiaowei,Departm,2006TheurbanandruralresidentsinChinahaveseenth~2005period,theincomeoftheurbanresidentsincreasedfrom343yuanto10,493yuan,whilethatoftheruralresidentswentupfrom134yuanto3,,theincomegapsbetweentheurbanandruralresidents,betweendifferentruralregionsandbetweendifferentgroupsoftheruralresidentshavewidened,’ssustained,,presentstateandfuturetrendoftheurban-ruralgapandtheintra-ruralgapisofvitalimportancetoformulatingunifiedstrategiesandpoliciesfordevelopingtheurbanandruralasisofanalyzingtheprese:thisgapha,thechangesintheincomegapbetweenChina’surbanandruralresidentsroughlyexperiencedfiveperiods(chart1).(1)Thegapwascontinuouslynarrowingfromtheearlyyearsofthereformtothemid-1980s.(2)Thegapwasconstantlywideningfromthemid-1980stotheearly1990s.(3)Thegaprapidlynarrowedinthemid-1990s.(4)Thegapwascontinuouslywideningfromthemid-1990stothefirstthreeyearsofthe21stcentury.(5),,theratioofthepercapitadisposableincomeof,%higherthanin1978.ByChenXiaohongResearchReportNo244,nAccordingtoNationalStrategiesandthePrincipleofaMixedEconomyThe15thPartyCongresssettheprincipleofadjustingthestate-ownedeconomicdistributionandchangingtheoverlyextensivelayoutofthestate-ownedeconomy,titute"advanced"modesanddomainsinthenationalstate-ownedeconomywhiletheconditionsandpolicyforthe"withdrawal",quiteafewprovincesandmunicipalitieshavecomeupwithideasontheadjustingthestate-ownedeconomicdistribution,andmany"withdrawals",relevantproblemshavenotbeenwellsolved,"advancement"and"withdrawal"isnotjustrelatedtoordinaryinvestmentorcivilandcommercialissues,t,orthesectorswhichthestatemustcontrol,[1]:thecommonmarketfailuresthatdevelopedcountriesalsoexperience;marketfailuresindevelopingcountrieswhichoccurinless-developedmarketsandeconomies;,accordingtothe15thPartyCongress,aremainlythoseconcerningstateeconomiclifelinesandnationalsecurity,majorbasicfacilities,,thegovernmentmayconsiderreducingandevenwithdrawinginvestment;whentheeconomicandsocialregulationsregardingsecurityandpublicbenefitsgraduallyimprove,andthesectorscanbeadjustedandcontrolledthroughregulations,thestatewillbeabletoensurethatenterprisesinthesesectorsservestatepolicygoalswithoutrelyingonorbyrelyinglessonpropertyrightcontrols;andwhentheinvestmentmanagementsystemcombiningpublicandprivatefactorsandrelevantinstrumentsimproves,thegove,state-ownedeconomiccontrolreferstothefactthatsomeimportantenterprisesinthesesectorsarecontrolledbythestatethroughinvestment,nott,unlesstheyhavespecificpublicpolicy(suchasindustrialpolicy)goals,,underneutralstatepolicy,existingstacontrollingthestate-ownedeconomy,suchasshareholding,,itisunclearwhetherstate-ownedenterprisescancontinuetoholdafairlylargeoracertainproportionofshares;whetheritisnecessaryforthestatetoinvestinhigh-techfields,automobilesandfinance,wheretheprivateeconomyhasnotbeenstrongenough,thestateeconomyshouldbeallowedtoownafairlylargeproportionofmarketshare;estinstate-ownedenterprisesandmaketheirowninv,’sprivateeconomicsectorsanditscapitalstrengtharenotstrongandwhendomesticenterprisesinimportantindustriesfacetechnologicalormarketrisks,thestatehastheresponsibilitytousesuchmeansasinvestmentandresourcecontroltosupportdomesticenterprises—thegovernmentofChina,asagovernmentofadevelopingcountry,shoulddosomethingtocopewiththesecond-typeofmarketfailure;someindustriesarerelatedtoeconomicsecurity,soitmightbenecessaryforthestatetocontrolorholdsharesinthembeforeamoreefteeconomyoccupiesaconsiderableproportionSomepeopleinsistthatthesdustriesprio,wherethescientificandtechnologicallevelisrelativelylow,thegreatestrisk,thesemi-conductor,TFTandautomobileindustriesthathavebeendevelopedinrecentyearsbyintroducingforeigntechnologiesfacingthegreatestrisk—(local)governmentinvestmentandpolicysupportthathelpssuchenterprisesgetstartedanddeveloped.10-200米ChenDaofuPrivateequityinvestment,whichiscalledPE(PrivateEquity)forshort,referstoakindofinvestmentintonon-listedequityornon-publiclytradedequity(privateequity)feringtoraisefundsfromnon-specifiedpublic,ortakeprivateplacement(non-publicoffering)toraisefundsfromspecificgroup,especial,,inviewofliquidity,transparencyandraisingfunds,,privateequityinvestmentfundsgenerall,privateequityinvestmentfundsincludeventurecapitalinvestment,mergersacquisitions,growthfunds,realestate,,withtheeverboominginternationalPEmarketandhugereturnsfromindividualinvestmentaswellastheappreciationofChinasstockmarketandrealestatevalue,thedemandforcorporaterestructuringand,sPEmarketIn2001and2002,thenumberoflocalventurecapital(VC)institutionsinChinareachedabout300,,thenumberofforeign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionswasabout50annually,,thereisahugegapbetweentheamount,the130localventurecapitalinstitutionsonlyheldaboutUS$470million,butthe45foreign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionsheldUS$,China,localventurecapitalinstitutionsinvestedin168companiesandinvestedUS$190million,butforeign-investedonesinvestedin51companieswithaninvestmentofUS$,localventurecapitalinvestedin83companies,whileforeign-investedonesinvestedin126companies,sarenotobviousandstillremainatthelevelofUS$160million,however,foreign-investedventurecapitalinvestmenthadalreadyreachedUS$730million,nearlyfivetimesthatofthelocalone,theabsolutesuperio,atotalof40privateequityfundswereestablishedinChinesemainlandandUS$,another17PEtobeinvestedinChinamainlandcompletedfund-raisingofUS$;inthesecondquarter,therewere15PEthatcouldmakeinvestmentinmainlandChinaandcompletedfund-raisingwithatotalofUS$alapproachofChina,therehavebeen16IPOwithdrawalcasesamong17PEones,%.Inthefirstquarterof2007,,therewere19withdrawaltransactions,,enterpriseswithdrawingthroughIPOaccountedfor80%,79%,72%,68%and64%,scurrentPEfocusedmoreonthepreliminarylistingstage,,enterprises,suchasMengniu,LiNing,eBay,Dangdang,SINA,Shengda,AsiaInfo,STPandBelle,chooseoverseasmarket(includingHongKong),bytheendof2006,thenumberofChineseenterpriseslistedoverseashadreachedmorethan400,ofwhichenterpriseslistedbyred-chipmodetakeupover80%.Amongthem,in2005,atotalof81companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,atotalof86companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,drivenbygoodperformanceofinternationalanddomesticPE,capitaltrustscheme,andtheywillcompetemorepositivelyinPEmarketespeciallyduetothefactthattherecent200contractswererevisedtobequalifiedinstitutionalinvestorswithoutlimitationonnumberandlessthan50qualifiednaturalpersons,meanwhile,,secu,expect“ViewsoftheStateCouncilontheReformandDevelopmentofInsuranceIndustry”,insurancecompaniesgotqualifiedfor“carryingoutpilotprojectsconcerninginsurancefundsinvestmentinpropertyassetsandventurecapitalenterprises”.AlthoughtheInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionisstillrelativelycautiousonthisissue,,suchasSino-SwissPartnershipFund,ASEAN-ChinaInvestmentFundandSino-BelgianEquityDirectInvestmentFund,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFund,,variousfinancialinstitutionsinChina,beingaseitheradministratorsorfundholders,ullplayInJanuary2007,approvedbytheStateCouncil,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundandBohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundManagementCo.,an,,theinitiativeofgovernmentsofvariousregionsarefullymobilized,,fourindustryfundsincludingGuangdongNuclearPowerFund,ShanxiEnergyFund,ShanghaiFinancialFundandSichuanMianyangHi-techFund,becamethesecondpiloti,thereemergedmorePEinvestmentinChinastraditionalsectors,thus,bstaclesforPEdevelopmentTheamendedPartnershipBusinessLawwhichwas,theyincluderegulationsoflimitedpartnershipandlimitedliabilitypartnership;secondly,theyallowlegalpersonsorotherorganizationstobepartners;thirdly,theymakeclearthecollectionrulesforpartnershipincometax,whic,Chinasfirstventurecapitalenterpriseorganizedintheformoflimitedpartnership,SouthSeaGrowthVentureCapitalLimitedPartnershipEnterprise,"TheDevelopmentPlanforInnovativeEnterprises”%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    188金宝二八杠LinFayuanAgainstthebackdropofglobalization,airtransportliberalizationhasal,itwillbringasetchallengetohedevelopingtrendsandfundamentalimplicationsofairlinetransportliberalization,seizeopportunities,welcomechallenges,zationreferstoanadjustmentinwhichthemanagementoftheairlinetransportindustryshiftsfromdetailedmanagementbythegovernmenttogreaterrelianceonmarketforces,giv(relaxedmanagement)ofgovernmentinterferenceinacountry’sdomesticairlineindustryandtheintroductionofmarket-managementprinciplesinareaslikemarketaccess,pricingandrouteallocathebilateral,tingtheothertoenterthedomestic(orregional)throughthedrasticincreaseof"OpenSkies",andrelievesrestrictionsondesignationofairlinefirmsandairlinepowers,shippingstrength,flightnumbers,alizationagreements,coveringEurope,CentralandSouthAmerica,Africa,ransportAssociationin2003passedthe"DeclarationofPrinciplesforInternationalAirTransport",settingoutthemanagementstructurefortheadvanceofliberalization,includingmeasurestoguaranteefaircompetition,security,andeffectiveprotectionfordevelopingcount,ternationalairtransportliberalization,andisplayingaguidingroationwasstarteustryimplementthe"OpenSkies"accord,howeverthissuggestionwasnotwelcomedbyothercoun,theprogressachievedineconomictheoriesandpracticescausedpeopletograduallyrealizethatthedomesticairlineindustrywasactuallymuchmorecompetitive,andthereforecountrieswithdevelopedairlineindustryandrepresentedbytheUn,theUnitedStatesbegantoimplementtheOpenSkiespolicy,,andaccordingtotheneedsofitsindustry,,theUnitedStatesandHollandsignedthefirst"OpenSkies",,theheadoftheEuropeanCivilAviationConference(ECAC)proposedrelaxingtheEuropeancivilaviationmanagementsystem,includingpartialliberalizationofcarryingcapacityandticke,severalcountriesinEuropebeganacourseofairtransportliberalization,graduallyeliminatingexistingbarrierstomarketentryandcompetition,,1993,the"ThirdPackageforLiberalization""EuropeanUnionAirCarrier"andsupersedllingrightsinairlinecompaniesinertystandardsandgetregisteredinaEuropeanUnionstate,Africa,CentralAmericaandelsewherealsobegantoimplementliberalizationmeasuresfortheairtransportindustry,resultinginmanydifferentmodesofliberalization:aCentralAmericanstyleforsixcountries,anIndianstyle,anAustralian-Singaporestyle,andaSouthAmerican"AndesGroup"style,,airtransportlibnabeganairtransportliberalizationrelativelylate,,h89countriesbytheendof2002,ngapore,thePhilippinesandothercountriesandmulti-originflightsfromChinatoJapan,Germany,,therewerelimitsonmanyfactorssuchasthenumberanddestinations,,startingin2003,thefocusofChina’scivilaviationindustryshiftedfromprotectiontoageneralconsiderationofthenationalandsocialinterests,industryinterests,,YangYuanyuan,DirectoroftheCivilAviationAdministrationofChina,statedatthe5thWorldwideAirTransportConferencethatChinawouldstreamlineitscourseofliberalization,andactively,orderly,smoothly,andinaguaranteedfashionimpelthecourseofairtransportliberalizationaccordingtotheneedsofChinese,t,theXiamenairportbecamethefirstairporttoliberalizethe"fifthflightright",,23foreigncountriesatShanghaiairporthadalreadyreceivedthe"fifthflightright".In2003,ChinasignednewflightrightsarrangementswithMongolia,Austria,Australia,Holland,France,Japanand12othercountries,thusmakingnewstridesforwardinexpandingairportaccess.FromJanuarytoMarch,,balanceofthebroadmoneysupply(M2)amountedto31050billionyuan,%ascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,(M1)amountedto10700billionyuan,%overlastyear,(M0)amountedto2300billionyuan,%,fromJanuarytoMarch,theaccumulatednetwithdrawncashamountedto56billionyuan,with3,balanceofvariouskindsofChineseRenminbiandforeignexchangedepositsinallfinancialinstitutionshadamountedto31800billionyuan,%tedto30600billionyuan,%overthesameperiodoflastyear;,%,,balanceoftheChineseRenminbiandforeignexchangeloansinallfinancialinstitutionsamountedto21900billionyuan,up14%,balanceofvariousRenminbiloansamountedto20600billionyuan,%ascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear;,%,,,%,;thecollate%,,,%,fromJanuarytoMarch,,withani,ByChenXiaohongResearchReportNo244,nAccordingtoNationalStrategiesandthePrincipleofaMixedEconomyThe15thPartyCongresssettheprincipleofadjustingthestate-ownedeconomicdistributionandchangingtheoverlyextensivelayoutofthestate-ownedeconomy,titute"advanced"modesanddomainsinthenationalstate-ownedeconomywhiletheconditionsandpolicyforthe"withdrawal",quiteafewprovincesandmunicipalitieshavecomeupwithideasontheadjustingthestate-ownedeconomicdistribution,andmany"withdrawals",relevantproblemshavenotbeenwellsolved,"advancement"and"withdrawal"isnotjustrelatedtoordinaryinvestmentorcivilandcommercialissues,t,orthesectorswhichthestatemustcontrol,[1]:thecommonmarketfailuresthatdevelopedcountriesalsoexperience;marketfailuresindevelopingcountrieswhichoccurinless-developedmarketsandeconomies;,accordingtothe15thPartyCongress,aremainlythoseconcerningstateeconomiclifelinesandnationalsecurity,majorbasicfacilities,,thegovernmentmayconsiderreducingandevenwithdrawinginvestment;whentheeconomicandsocialregulationsregardingsecurityandpublicbenefitsgraduallyimprove,andthesectorscanbeadjustedandcontrolledthroughregulations,thestatewillbeabletoensurethatenterprisesinthesesectorsservestatepolicygoalswithoutrelyingonorbyrelyinglessonpropertyrightcontrols;andwhentheinvestmentmanagementsystemcombiningpublicandprivatefactorsandrelevantinstrumentsimproves,thegove,state-ownedeconomiccontrolreferstothefactthatsomeimportantenterprisesinthesesectorsarecontrolledbythestatethroughinvestment,nott,unlesstheyhavespecificpublicpolicy(suchasindustrialpolicy)goals,,underneutralstatepolicy,existingstacontrollingthestate-ownedeconomy,suchasshareholding,,itisunclearwhetherstate-ownedenterprisescancontinuetoholdafairlylargeoracertainproportionofshares;whetheritisnecessaryforthestatetoinvestinhigh-techfields,automobilesandfinance,wheretheprivateeconomyhasnotbeenstrongenough,thestateeconomyshouldbeallowedtoownafairlylargeproportionofmarketshare;estinstate-ownedenterprisesandmaketheirowninv,’sprivateeconomicsectorsanditscapitalstrengtharenotstrongandwhendomesticenterprisesinimportantindustriesfacetechnologicalormarketrisks,thestatehastheresponsibilitytousesuchmeansasinvestmentandresourcecontroltosupportdomesticenterprises—thegovernmentofChina,asagovernmentofadevelopingcountry,shoulddosomethingtocopewiththesecond-typeofmarketfailure;someindustriesarerelatedtoeconomicsecurity,soitmightbenecessaryforthestatetocontrolorholdsharesinthembeforeamoreefteeconomyoccupiesaconsiderableproportionSomepeopleinsistthatthesdustriesprio,wherethescientificandtechnologicallevelisrelativelylow,thegreatestrisk,thesemi-conductor,TFTandautomobileindustriesthathavebeendevelopedinrecentyearsbyintroducingforeigntechnologiesfacingthegreatestrisk—(local)governmentinvestmentandpolicysupportthathelpssuchenterprisesgetstartedanddeveloped.888网站重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,, Tothisday,Chinastillcarriesoutthesystemofdivisionalgovernanceinurbanandrural,ononehand,hasbroughtruralandurbanlandsunderdifferentlegalframeworkandunderthegovernanceofdifferentinstitutions,thusformingdifferentmarketandpowersystems;ontheotherhand,ithasgivenrisetoanimperativerequisitionoflandbythegovernmentsincaseofchangingtheagriculturallandstothelandsforconstructionputheagriculturallandsintothelandsforconstruct,likethelargestate-ownedenterprisesmonopolizingupstreamresources,edtothemajorityofinvestmentbeingsuppli,lawsarenotonlytheimportantguaranteeforthelocalgovernmentstosurviveandfunction,buthavealsoprecipitatedtheformationofthespecialincentivestrusale,themoredisposableincomesthelocalitieswillacquire;themorelandsthegovernmentspossess,thelessthecostwillbeforthecitiestoexpand,theeasieritwillbeforthecitiestoinvitea,taxation,banking,investment,formationofpricingmechanism,,itistheCentralGovernmentwhogetsholdofthelands,,asthelocalfinancedependsmuchonlandwhiletherelatedfinancialconditionscannotbeimproved,thelocalgovernmentswillthenhavetheimpulsetoloosenthecontroloverthelandsorevenmakeitalloutofcontrolthustofurtherunderplaytheCentralGovernmentscontroloverthelandsandtwiththeestablishmentofthedevelopmentpriorityzonesasastartingpoint,putsforwardthebasicprinciplesforformulatingthelandpolicyintheconstructionofthedevelopmentpriorityzonesandillustratestherelatedlandpoliciesintermsofoptimizeddevelopmentzones,importantdevelopmentzones,esasastartingpointAmongChinaseconomicdevelopmentplans,somearefive-yearplansfocusedoneconomicdevelopment,someareoverallplansforlandutilizationaimedatcontroloflanduseandprotectionofarablelands,andsomeareurb,whencarriedout,functionindependentlyandconflictwitheachother,,likeGDPgrowth,asthedominantfactorsandarecrucialfortheeconomicdevelopmentofanareaduringacertainperiodofti,fanareaand,ex,Chinaisnowinthestageofarapidurbanization,therefore,itisnotstrangeforthelocalgovernmentstoreviseorcompiletheurbanconstructionplanswithintwo-threeyearsucture,landtransferandtheprotectedvolumeofarablelandsunderagivenpaceofeconomi,astheeconomyandurbanizationinvariouslocalitieshavedevelopedmorerapidlythanexpectedandChinasfirstlandutilizationplanwasworkedoutin1997afterthereform,theplanisnotablycharacterizedbytheplannedeconomywithanevidentlylowerexpectancyfortheeconomicdevelopment,thusmakingtheoverallplansforlandutilizationfallfarbehindandtobecomelessandlessauthoritativeandev,,thenationaleconomyandsocialdevelopmentplanasthebasis,theurbanandlandplansasthestruttograduallysetuptheplanningsystemforlandstainabledevelopmentandcoordinatedregionaldevelopmentandth,importantdevelopment,limiteddevelopmentandprohibiteddevelopmentshouldbedistributedinascientificwayandshouldbedefinedbyLandPlanningLawsoastoimprovetheplanninginamorescientificway,toreducetheadministrativeinterventionandtodecreasetheconflictsandcontradictionsbetweenthelower-levellaws.ByLinJiabin,,2006TheEconomicSocialAffairsDepartmentoftheOfficeoftheStateCouncilLeadingGroupforWesternDevelopmentandtheResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCounciljointlycarriedoutthe"StudyontheCountermeasuresforImprovementofRuralPublicServicesintheWesternRegion".Basedontheresearchfindingsofthestudy,weproposedthefollowingviewsandrecommendationsregardinghowtospeedupteWesternRegionTheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices"isexpresslyproposedforthefirsttimeinthe"RecommendationsoftheCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChinaontheFormulationofthe11thFive-YearPlanfortheDomesticEconomicandSocialDevelopment".InviewofthepracticalsituationofChina,thesignificantanddifficultpointsofrealizingtheobjectiveofequalizadway,basedontheobjectiveof"equalizationofpublicservices",itisofgreatsignificanc,itistheemarkabledifferencefromthenationalaveragelevelalareasofthewesternregioncouldenableittograduallyapproachandcatchupwiththenationalaveragelevel,andthereforefulfilltheobjectiv,itisrequiredforbridgingthegapofresidentswelfarebetweendifferentareasandurbanandruralareas,welfareistofulfilltheequalizationofbasicpublicservicesbymeansofgovernment,itistoguaranteethatsuchbasicpublicservicesastheminimumsocialsecurity,fundamentaleducationandbasicmedicalandhygieneconditionswillcoverallthepopulationsothatnthereductionofthegapofcurrentresidentswelfare,butmoreimportantly,,suchaseducationandmedicalandhygieneconditions,areinfactequivalenttotheinvestmentinputintohumanresources,and,id,greatachievementshavebeenmadeintermsoftheinfrastructureconstruction,improvementofecologicalenvironment,developmentofscienceandededontheobtainedachievementsandimplementthescientificconceptofpressingaheadthepeople-oriented,comprehensive,harmonizedandsustainabledevelopmentputforwardbytheCPCCentralCommittee,iti,whilethelarge-scaleinfrastructureandecologicalenvironmenthavewitnessedobviousimprovement,theunder-developmentincertainareasthatarecloselyconnectedwiththepeople,transportation,hospitalizationandschoolingandthemonotonousanddullegion,toupgradefullythequalityoflifeandwelfarelevelandtoenhancethedevelopmentcapacityofthefarmersinthewesternregionsho,itisrequired,,theruralareasofthewesternregionarealsotheplaceswheremostoftheethnicm,toeliminatethegapofthebasicpubicservicesbetweenthisareaandtheothersandrealizetheequalizationofpublicservicesisnotonlyanobjectivedemandforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundwaybutalsotheursofthepublicservices,therearegreatgapsofpublicservicesbetweendifferentareasandtheurbanandruralareasinChina,:,,,ity,%%ofadministrativevillagesinthe,065townshipsand51,426establishedvillageshavenopassengertransportation,%%ofthecountry/,thepoortransportation,inferiorroads,badtrafficconditionsandgreatamountofgritroadsurfacesintheruralareashaveseriouslyrestrictedtheeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Source:,theChineseleadingenterp,aforeignleadingenterprisegenerallyspentseveraldozenbillionyuanonRD,,suchasHuaweiandZTE,lesrevenueonRD,,HuaweiandZTEhaveasmanyRDpersonnelastheforeignleadingenterprisesdo,about10,000~20,,intermsoftheproportionofRDpersonneltototalcorporateemployees,,,namelythepercapitaRDspendingofaforeignleadingenterpriseandthepercapitaRDspendingofitsRDpersonnel,aforeignleadingenterpriseare5~~6timesthecostofaChineseenterprise,thegapbetweentheCems,includingthegloballa,byestablishingtheirsubsidiariesinthemaincommunicationsRDbasesaroun,mostoftheirRDinstitutionshaveintroducedtheCMM(capacitymaturitymodel)andIPD(integratedproductdevelopment),,theChineseleadingenterprisessu,ZTEhasestablishedapersonnelincentivemechanism,whichisresult-orientedandfeaturesthetwo-dimensionalevaluationbasedonperformanceandvalue,themandatorydistributionofevaluat,,whichisorientedtowardkeytechnologies,,andtheirRDeva,theCh,andtheirevaluationovationtechnologies,ovationtechnologiesbyrelyingonthe"low-costandqualityservices"andby,theChineseenterpriseshaveyett,irstacquirepatentrightsfortheirleadingtechnologiesandembedtheirtechnologicalpatentsinthetechnologicalstandardsbeforerelyingonthepowerfulmarketforcestopromotetheinternatioationandinmarketforces,theyarestillunabletoestablishthemarketizationcapacitiesfortheleadingtechnologies.ByLvGangResearchReportNo004,2006Inthepasttwodecades,ForeignDirectInvestment(FDI)hasmadesignificantcontributionstoChina’seconomicdevelopmentbyincreasingitsindustrialproduction,exports,employme’sdomestictechnologicalcapability(),however,,positiveeffectsofFDIonhostcountries’technologyadvancementaremainlymanifestedintwoways,namelytechnologytransferandtechnologyspillovers(ordiffusion).ThetechnologytransferfromTransnationalCorporations(TNCs)totheirsubsidiariesinChinahasdramaticallyraisedthetechnologylevelofthecountry’smanufacturingsectorinarelativelyshortperiod,butitisgenerallybelievedthatthetechnologicalcapacityofforeign-investedenterprises(FIEs)shouldnotbecountedasthehostcountry’sDomesticTechnologicalCapability(DTC).Besides,thetechnologiesobtainedbyFIEsfromtheirparentcompaniesareforthemostpartthoseembodiedinproductsormachineryratherthanthetechnologicalabilitytodesign,,onlythetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsisregardedasChina’,technologyspilloversmayboostlocalenterprises’,whichreferstotheconnectionsbetweenforeignTNCs’,whentheemployeesofFIEsgotoworkforlocalenterprises,the,wheretheexistenceofFIEsintensifiesmarketcompetitioninthehostcountryandforceslocalfirmstoraiselaborpr,whichmeansthatthead,FDImayalsohavenegativeeffectsonthedevelopmentofhostcountries’,localfirmsmaybecomeheavilydependentonimportedtechnologyandreluctanttoconductindependentResearchandDevelopment(RD).Secondly,withtheiradvantageintermsofbrands,technologyandcapital,FIEsmayachievemonopolisticoroligopolistpositioninhostcountry’smarketandthereforerestrainlocalfirms’:ACross-sectionStudyQuiteafewforeignscholarshaveconductedresearchontherelationshipbetweenFDIandhostdevelopingcountries’identifywhetherthereexistsasignificantrelationshipbetweentheratioofFDIinindustrialsectorsandlocalfirms’,however,’laborproductivityandconcludedthattechnologyspilloversdidexist[1].OthersclaimedthattherehadbeennosignificanteffectsofFDIonthegrowthrateoflocalfirms’everyindustry,butaredependentonthetechnologicalcapacityoflocalfirmsandthemarketsizeofhostcountries[2].MostexistingempiricalstudybydomesticscholarsonF’sinvestigation(2002)on127FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,ShenzhenandSuzhou,andWangChunfa’sinvestigationonalmost400FIEsinBeijing,Shanghai,Shenzhen,filiatesinChina,,however,’sinvestigationshowedthat58%ofthesampleFIEshavelocalsuppliers,amongwhich69%haveinfluencedtheirlocalsuppliersbysettingupqualitystandardsforthelatter,buyingsharesofthelatter,,morethanhalfofthesampleFIEsinWang’sinvestigationbelievedtheyhavedonelittletoenhanceChina’swithlocalfirms;overtwothirdsofsampleFIEshaveno(1994)hassetupacross-sectionregressionmodeltoid,explanationsofvariablesandhypothesesTheequationisasfollows:20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以FengFei,WeiJigang,WangXiaomingZhaoYuchuan,,2007InordertoascertainthestateofthetechnologicalinnovationsofChinaslargeandmedium-sizedindustrialenterprises,theResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,theDepartmentofEconomicConstructionoftheMinistryofFinanceandtheDepartmentofIndustryandTransportoftheNationalBureauofStatisticsconductedajointquestionnairesurveyover2,655enterprisesinsixmajorindustriesincludingpharmacy,generalequipment,specialequipment,transportequipment,electricmachineryandmaterials,andcommunicationsequipment,ogicalinnovationsofChinaedwiththatoftenyearsagoOfthe2,655enterprisessurveyed,%,theinnovationsinthesectorsofpharmacyandgeneralequipmenthavebeenmostactive,%%(Table1).Comparedwiththesurveyconductedin1994bytheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilandtheNationalBureauofStatisticsinthetwoprovincesofFujianandGansuandwiththesurveyconductedin1996bytheMinistryofScienceandTechnologyandtheNationalBureauofStatisticsoverthetechnologicalinnovationofthelargeandmedium-sizedindustrialenterprisesinthesixprovincesandmunicipalitiesofBeijing,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Guangdong,LiaoningandHarbin,thecurrentsurveyindicatesthatthetechnologicalinnovationsoftheseenterprisesarebasicallyasactive(theratiooftheenterprisesconductingtechnologicalinnovations)astheywere(Table2).Theratiois5percentagepointshigheronaverageinthesectorsofpharmacy,generalequipment,andelectricmachineryandmaterials,and1~5percentagepointslowerinthesectorsofspecialequipment,transportequipment,andcommunicationsequipment,ovationsofChinasindustrialenterprisesindicatesthatabout80%ofthelargeandmedium-sizedindustrialenterpriseshaveconductedtechnologicalinnovationsan,italsorevealsthattheratiooftheenterprisesconductingtechnologicalinnovationshasbeenbasicallyunchangedandh%ofthelargeandmedium-sizedindustrialenters(%)、888网站用户至上壹贰国际手机安装Accordingtotheindicessuchastheproportionofoverseasturnoversinthecompany’stotalturnovers,globalresourcesdistributionandoperationalcapability,enterprises’overseasoperationcouldbeclassifiedintothreestages–internationalized,,throughitspreliminarystudy,holdsthatChina’senterpriseswithoverseasoperationarebasicallyattheprimaryinternationalizedstage,asmallportionofenterpriseshasstartedtheirtransnationaloperation,andofthem,a’sentelizedoperationsarewidelydistributedamongtheindustries,andsomehighlyexport-orientedenterprisesinallindustriesarealmostatthisstage,alindustries,manyenterprises’proportionsoftheiroverseasmarkethavegrownconsiderably,manyenterpriseshavetheirownindependentdepartmentsresponsibledirectlyfortheirexports,andsomeenterpriseshavetheirownoverseasm’senergy,steel,andchemicalindustries,somelarge-scaleenterpriseshaveinvestedinoverseasresourcebases,manyenterprisesareconductingexportandoverseasoperations,,telecommunicationsandtrade,somelarge-scalecompanieshavemanyoverseasnetworkoutletsandbusinessactivities,theirmainbusinesses,however,ibutedintheindustrieswhicharehighlyinternationalizedandinwhichChina’senthaveaccountedforabigproportionoftotalbusinesses,andtheyhaveestablishedtheirmarketingser,electronic,’senterprisesinthiscategoryareusuallyhighlycompetitiveonthematuredoverseasmiddleandlow-grademarket,,andtheamountanddepthoftheiroverseasmarketingandmanufacturingnetworks,asmallnumberoflargeenterprisesinChina’sIT,electronicandelectromechanicalindusbalresources,however,theseenterprises,Huawei,TCLandHaierintheITandelectronicindustriesandWanxiangintheautomobilepartsindustryareactuallypioneeringenterprisesinthemoveofChina’,Lenovo,TCLandHaierhaveallcarriedoutmergerandacquisitionactivitiesontheoverseasmarket,andWanxianghasbeguntomakeinvestmentoverseasfrom1992andhasacquir’sEnterprisesCarryoutTransnationalMergerandAcquisition:AnObservationandPreliminaryAnalysisTransnationalMAisanimportantwayforente,China’senterprises,especiallyforthoseenterprisesintheautomobile,IT,electronic,energyandsteelindustries,lytoobtainnaturalresources,andtransnationalMAbyenterprisesintheautomobi,particularlyMAactivitiesforthepurposeofobtainingnaturalresources,themajorityofdomesticpeoplecouldunderstandtheirmotivationsandconditions,,becausetheymainlytargetattheoverseasmarketandmainlyacquireintangibleassetssuchasbrands,channelsandRDteams,orinotherwords,softassets,peopleinCmarketshares,includingthehigh-endmarketshare,’businessoperationsbyChineseenterprisesisa"frog-leap",andthenormalprocessshouldbeexports→establishmentofoverseasmarketingnetworks→establishmentofoverseasplants→ionalMAbyChineseenterprisesismainlytoacquiremarket(clients,channels),andthenstrategicassets(includingtechnology,brands,localservicecapability,manufacturingcapability,intellectualpropertyrightsandRDcapability)andefficiencyoflargescaleproduction(synergeticeffect).ThoseMAactivitiesaremainlyMAintermsofstockandassets,butinessence,ghtrelationshipafterMA,andtheseniormanagementsfrombothpartiesjointlyformtheseniormanagementofthenewcompany,anditismainlya"friendlyMA."TheWanxiangCompanyintheautomobilepartsindustryconductedseveraloverseasMA,forexpandingandaccumulatingknowledgeabouttheoverseasmarket,China’slargeenterprises’overseasoperations,China’slargeenterprisesconductoverseasMAmainlyaimedatobtainingmarketshareandstrategicassets,andimprovingefficiency(SeeTable2),whichenjoythesimilarmotivationoftheITenterprises’,particularlyadvancedenterprisesamongthem,begintoconductoverseasMAbeforebuildingastrongerfootholdonthedomesticmarketThepreliminaryanalysisofChina’sITenterprisesfoundthattherearethreemajorreasonsforChina’senterprisestobegintransnationalMAbeforebecomingstrongeronthedomesticmarket:China’senterprises’certaincomparativeadvantagesinsomefields,strategicchoiceconformtothechangesinindustrialenvironment,andtheawarenessandentrepreneurshiptoseizetheglobalizedopportunities.Datasource:China’sRuralStatisfthatofthesocietyasawhole,includingsocialold-ageinsurance,socialmedicalinsurance,socialreliefandspecialpension,,%ofthevillagesinGuannanandJiangyinofJiangsuProvincewithgoodeconomicconditionshaveparticipatedinruralcooperativemedicalsystem;zation,managementandservicesocialurance,thethreepartiesofthestate,thecollectiveandhousehold(individual)efitandplacementaremainlyhandledbythegovernmentdepartmentsatalllevels;atthesametime,gener,farmersarenolongerrestrernmentsatvariouslevelsstartingfrom1998hasgraduallyestablishedastatemanagementsystemfeaturinginsuitableuniformmanagementandsocialsecuritysystem,inwhichlaborandsocialsecuritydepartmentsmakeuniformmanagementonthenationalsocialsecurityaffairs;andthecivilaffairsdepart,,withitstypical“SunanModel”()characterizedby“familysecurityasthebasis,communitysecurityasthecore,andcommercialinsuranceasthesupplement”.ThegovernmenthassetupaManagementCommitteeforRuralSocialOld-ageInsuranceFund,shedtod,15,030ruralresidentswerenewlycoveredbyruralsocialold-ageinsurancesystem,%.Intermsoftheincomeandexpenses,thesocialsecuritydepartmentsattownshipleveladoptafull-responsibilitymethodof“managementexpenseslefttothetown,inwhichthegapwillbesubsidizedbytownfinance”,a’sruralsocialsecuritysystemhasmaderemarkableprogresssincenewChinawasfounded,itstilllagsbehindpeople’,,regionalsocialsecurityprojects,suchasruralsocialold-ageinsuranceandruralsocialmedicalinsurance,coveronlylessthan10%ofruralpopulation;andsocialrelief,veteranbenefitandplacementandsocialwelfare(resthomesandthesystemforprovidingfood,clothing,medialcare,housingandburialexpensesforchildlessandinfirmruralresidents)arequitelimited,,small-scopeandnarrow-coverageruralsocialsecuritycannotmeettheneedsofruralsocialdevelopmentThemainformsofChina’sruralsocialsecurityareruralsocialrelief,socialspecialpension,rural“fiveguarantees”andruralsocialold-ag“fiveguarantees”,,ruralsecurityprojectsmainlyconsistsofsocialreliefandsocialspecialpension,urance,work-relatedinjuryinsuranceandchild-bearinginsuranceaccountforlessthan5%nlycarriedoutinafewareas,conflictingwiththelawandregulationsthanyinsurancesaccountforalmost50%ofthetotalsamplenumbers(Table2),whilet%,mostofwhomhavedonesooutofthefarmers’(%)ChenDaofuPrivateequityinvestment,whichiscalledPE(PrivateEquity)forshort,referstoakindofinvestmentintonon-listedequityornon-publiclytradedequity(privateequity)feringtoraisefundsfromnon-specifiedpublic,ortakeprivateplacement(non-publicoffering)toraisefundsfromspecificgroup,especial,,inviewofliquidity,transparencyandraisingfunds,,privateequityinvestmentfundsgenerall,privateequityinvestmentfundsincludeventurecapitalinvestment,mergersacquisitions,growthfunds,realestate,,withtheeverboominginternationalPEmarketandhugereturnsfromindividualinvestmentaswellastheappreciationofChinasstockmarketandrealestatevalue,thedemandforcorporaterestructuringand,sPEmarketIn2001and2002,thenumberoflocalventurecapital(VC)institutionsinChinareachedabout300,,thenumberofforeign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionswasabout50annually,,thereisahugegapbetweentheamount,the130localventurecapitalinstitutionsonlyheldaboutUS$470million,butthe45foreign-investedventurecapitalinstitutionsheldUS$,China,localventurecapitalinstitutionsinvestedin168companiesandinvestedUS$190million,butforeign-investedonesinvestedin51companieswithaninvestmentofUS$,localventurecapitalinvestedin83companies,whileforeign-investedonesinvestedin126companies,sarenotobviousandstillremainatthelevelofUS$160million,however,foreign-investedventurecapitalinvestmenthadalreadyreachedUS$730million,nearlyfivetimesthatofthelocalone,theabsolutesuperio,atotalof40privateequityfundswereestablishedinChinesemainlandandUS$,another17PEtobeinvestedinChinamainlandcompletedfund-raisingofUS$;inthesecondquarter,therewere15PEthatcouldmakeinvestmentinmainlandChinaandcompletedfund-raisingwithatotalofUS$alapproachofChina,therehavebeen16IPOwithdrawalcasesamong17PEones,%.Inthefirstquarterof2007,,therewere19withdrawaltransactions,,enterpriseswithdrawingthroughIPOaccountedfor80%,79%,72%,68%and64%,scurrentPEfocusedmoreonthepreliminarylistingstage,,enterprises,suchasMengniu,LiNing,eBay,Dangdang,SINA,Shengda,AsiaInfo,STPandBelle,chooseoverseasmarket(includingHongKong),bytheendof2006,thenumberofChineseenterpriseslistedoverseashadreachedmorethan400,ofwhichenterpriseslistedbyred-chipmodetakeupover80%.Amongthem,in2005,atotalof81companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,atotalof86companiesgotlistedoverseas,raisingUS$,drivenbygoodperformanceofinternationalanddomesticPE,capitaltrustscheme,andtheywillcompetemorepositivelyinPEmarketespeciallyduetothefactthattherecent200contractswererevisedtobequalifiedinstitutionalinvestorswithoutlimitationonnumberandlessthan50qualifiednaturalpersons,meanwhile,,secu,expect“ViewsoftheStateCouncilontheReformandDevelopmentofInsuranceIndustry”,insurancecompaniesgotqualifiedfor“carryingoutpilotprojectsconcerninginsurancefundsinvestmentinpropertyassetsandventurecapitalenterprises”.AlthoughtheInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionisstillrelativelycautiousonthisissue,,suchasSino-SwissPartnershipFund,ASEAN-ChinaInvestmentFundandSino-BelgianEquityDirectInvestmentFund,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFund,,variousfinancialinstitutionsinChina,beingaseitheradministratorsorfundholders,ullplayInJanuary2007,approvedbytheStateCouncil,BohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundandBohaiSeaIndustryInvestmentFundManagementCo.,an,,theinitiativeofgovernmentsofvariousregionsarefullymobilized,,fourindustryfundsincludingGuangdongNuclearPowerFund,ShanxiEnergyFund,ShanghaiFinancialFundandSichuanMianyangHi-techFund,becamethesecondpiloti,thereemergedmorePEinvestmentinChinastraditionalsectors,thus,bstaclesforPEdevelopmentTheamendedPartnershipBusinessLawwhichwas,theyincluderegulationsoflimitedpartnershipandlimitedliabilitypartnership;secondly,theyallowlegalpersonsorotherorganizationstobepartners;thirdly,theymakeclearthecollectionrulesforpartnershipincometax,whic,Chinasfirstventurecapitalenterpriseorganizedintheformoflimitedpartnership,SouthSeaGrowthVentureCapitalLimitedPartnershipEnterprise,"TheDevelopmentPlanforInnovativeEnterprises”%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVOR,  Regionsareacarrieroftheeconomicsociety,aswe,theoverallstrategyforregionaldevelopmenthasalwaysbeenanimportantintegralpartofthestatestrategyandaspatialreflectionofthestatedevelopmentstrategy.  Currently,Chinahassettheobjectiveofconstructingamoderatelyprosperoussocietytoahigherlevelinanall-roundwaytobenefitovero,Chinawillfacegrowingconstraintsagainstitseconomicgrowth,suchaspopulationgrowth,energysupply,,theCentralCommitteeoftheChineseCommunistPartyandtheStateCouncilhavepointedoutthatChinashouldestablishandcarryoutthescientificoutlookondevelopment,devotemajoreffortstoimplementingthestrategyofrejuvenatingChinathroughscientificandeducationaldevelopment,andtakeanewroadforChinasindustrializationimbuedwithscientificandtechnologicalcontent,goodeconomicefficiency,lowresourceconsuming,lessenvironmentalpollutionandwithhumanresourcestobebroughtintofullplay;thateffortsshouldbecontinuallymadetoplanasawholetheurbanandruraldevelopment,theregionaldevelopment,economicandsocialdevelopment,theharmoniousdevelopmentbetweenmanandnatureandChinasdomesticdevelopmentandopeningup,tosticktothepeople-firstprinciple,toestablishanoutlookonall-around,harmefocusedonstateoverallobjectiveandtakeall-aroundconstructionofamoderatelyprosperoussociety,theconstructionofaharmonioussociety,theimplementationofthestrategyof"rejuvenatingChinathroughscientificandeducationaldevelopment"blemswiththedevelopmentpattern,systemandmechanismfromtheperspectiveofstateinterests,andbecenteredontheestablishmentoftheregionaldevelopmentpolicysystemsuitedtonationalconditionsofChinatoguideandstandardreeprinciples:First,aunificationofefficiencyandfairness;second,aharmonybetweenmanandnature;andthird,guidelineofcontinuallycarryingoutandpushingforwardthelarge-scaledevelopmentofthewesternregion,revitalizingtheoldindustrialbasesinnortheastChina,promotingtheeconomicboomingofcentralChina,encouragingeastChinatotaketheleadinthedevelopment,andimprovingtheregionalcoordinationandinteractionmech  Inordertoimplementtheoverallstrategyforregionaldevelopment,stressshouldbelaidonfurthermakingclearthestrategiclayoutforregionaldevelopment,functionalpositioning,prioritytasksinthedevelopmentandpolicyguidance,targetingproperworkarrangementsandtheimplementationofpoliciesandmeasuresinlinewiththebearingcapacityof,weshould,wecouldgraduallyformthecoordinatedregionaldevelopmentpatternwithclearpositioningofprincipalfunctions,andsoundinteractionbetweentheregionsandnarrowgapsinbasicpublicserviceandthepeoplelframework,includingonegeneralrequirement,theperfectionofthreebasicenvironments,theimplementationofthreetypesofregio.OnegeneralrequirementThegeneralrequirementandcruxoftheoverallstrategyforregionaldevelopmenteterminedbytheChineseCentralGovernmentintheNinthFive-YearPlanforNationalEco,theCentralGovernmentfurthersetfortharequirementofplanningtheregionaldevelopstributionofresources,togivefullplaytotheindividualadvantagesofvariousregionsandtheirenthusiasmfordevelopment,totapthepotentialforthedevelopmentofvariousregions,andtofacilitatetheformationofacoordinatedrelationshipamongvariousregionsbycomplementingeachotherwiththeirrespectiveadvantages,workingincoordinationwitheachotherthroughdivisionoflabor,,soundandeffectivedevelopmentofthenationaleconomy,animportantpartandtaskinscientificdevelopmentasormandopeningupandintheconstructionofthesocialistmodernization,aswellasarequirementfortheconstructionofamoderatelyprosperoussocietyinanall-roundwayandfortheestablishmentofaharmonioussocialistsociety.ByMaJunResearchReportNo018,2006Advancesintelecommunicationtechnologyarefacili,globa,althoughinwaysthatdiffersignificantlyfromtheirinternationalcounterpartsbecauseofChina’rdingtothecharacteristicsofthetwotypesofenterprisesinordertofacilitatetheirstStructuralChangesintheIndustryOverthepasttenyears,opticalcommunicationtechnologies,digitalcommunicationtechnologiesandwirelesscommunicationtechnologister,ervicesandtheirnumberofs,,theadopt,representedby3rdgenerationmobilecommunicationtechnology,unicationsindustry,createh,andgteristics:ahighdegreeofopenness,agloballyinterconnectednetwork,,Ltdthat,from2005to2009,%anditsmarketwillreach140billionRMBin2009.InterneasInternetportals,networkcommunications,networkgames,networksearch,networkeducation,networkmedicine,e-government,e-business,edvoicetechnologybynewte,,includingnetworktelephony,networktextandmultimediacommunication,etc.Thevol,y,,althoughthecommunicationstimeoftraditionallong-distancetelephoneserviceincreasedin2003and2004,itsproportionfellgradually,whilethepro%%,andInternetcommunicationsoftwaresuchasthatprovidedbySkype,entsAreMadetoCompaniesMobileoperatorsaremaintainingstablegrow,thetransformationofmobileoperatorsinvolvesrationalmanagementoftheindustrialchainbyutilizcurrentcoreserviceformobileoperatorsismobilevoiceservice,%to20%orso,comparedwithafigureofabout30%,%comparedwiththesameperiodin2004,ersandmobilevoiceservicecanpotentiallyreplacefixed-linetelephones,mationandstandintheleadingpositionintheindustrialchainforemergingdataservicesThetransformationformobileoperatorsinvolvestheirrs.(1)AcompleteindustrialchainandhugeindustrialclusterfordataservicesisformingThedevelopmentvices,whilediversifiedvalue-addedservicesprovide,therearemorethan5,,weatherinformation,TVprograms,discountinformationservices,culturalinformationservices,rentalinformation,real-timestockinformation,;andprovidereal-timenews,entertainment,position,communicationandbusinessinformationviawirelessInternet;andgames,entertainment,businessanddailylifeinformationviadownloadservicesformobilephones.ostedtheirinnovationcapacity,productsdevelopmentandprovision,buttheusindustrialsectors,,textileprod,thehigh-endmarketofterminalproductsisstilldominatedbyfore,thehigh-en,thehigh-endp,,from41,500piecesin1990to476,,theproportionofpatentapplicationsbyenterpriseswentupfrom16%in1990to33%,,’,anaverageannualgrowthofmorethan20%.%%,ofwhichenterprisesaccountedfor60%.%,,theRDspendingbytypicalChineseenterprisesinsomeindustriesisonlyone-fifthorone-tenthoftheamountspentbymajorforeigncounterparts,,,39percentofthe23,267largeand,,theenterprisesarestillweakintheircapacitiestomanageRDactivitiesandtointegrateinternalandexternalinnovationnetworksandintheirorganizationalandmanagementcapacitiestocoverthewholevaluechainofinnovation,ounterpartsint,suchasthesteelandpetrochemicalindustries,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandalsoafairlystrongoverallstrength;theindustries,suchasthecommunicationsequipmentindustry,haveafairlystrongcapacityfortechnologicalinnovationandanaveragelevelofoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheindustriesproducingpower-generatingequipmentandelectronicITterminals(TV,PC),haveanaverageorstrongercapacityfortechnologicalinnovation(itvariesaccordingtodifferentproducts)andcertainoverallstrength;theindustries,suchastheLCDindustry,havecertaintechnologicalcapacitybuttheiroverallenterprisestrengthisweak;intheindustriessuchastheautoindustry,therepresentativeenterprisesstillhavetoenhancetheirtechnologicalcapacity,,,theLCDenterprisesalreadypossesscertain,theydonothaveagreatoverallstrengthandechnologieseasily,ldforstartingcapitalintheearlystageofdevelopment,theenterpriseshavemoreopportuningcapitalstillfacegndwheremarketsarelargeandgrowfaster,,theautoindustryisdominatedbyjoint-ventureenterprises;althoughtheindustryhasbeengrowingfast,,mainlyserveslargecustomersandhasahightechnologicalthreshold,,theearly-co,whichhelpstheearly-comingenterpr,novationcapacities,thestatusandupgradingofenyPeterXiong,-’sdefinitionorbasedonthestudiesofinnovationprocess,boththialinnovationisco(science,technology,productionandmarket)thatcoverthevaluechai,itisalsosubjecttotheinfluence,,thekeyplayersininnovationmustbeabletoeffectivelyidentifydirections,organizeresources,continuetoinvest,chnologicalinnovationandhavediverseresources,namelythemotivationandcapacityforsustainedinnovation,theyarethekeyplayersininnovationinamarketeconomy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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