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澳门24小时电竞【hhkpzn.buzz】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。海南刳抠拱商贸有限公司(原白银辞几新能源有限公司)成立于1995年,占地面积97764平方米,澳门网上线上网投其中生产厂房占地7115平方米,仓库面积占地7976平方米。固定资产6659万元,流动资产2807万元,干部职工共394人,工程技术人员22人。澳门24小时电竞"FactorCombinationSuperiority"forChina’sCurrentIndustrializationProcessAdiscussiononChina’sroadtoindustrializationornewindustrializationisinessenceadiscussiononChina’"moderneconomicgrowth".The"startup"ofindustrializationormoderneconomicgrowthdependsonaseriesofrelatedfactors,suchasmarketdemand,capitalaccumulation,introductionofmodernandcontemporaryindustrialtechnologiesandthelaborforceth’,China’sindustrializationprocesshasreceivedthesupportofsome,earsofthe20thcentury,itwasimpossiblefortheindustrytousetheGlobalPositioningSystem(GPS)helatecomerscancompletealargelysamegrowthprocessatevenlowercostsorwit’suniquefeaturesarethatthecountryhasstrongerdiversityandinclusivenessinutilizingthecatch-upadvantagebecauseithasalargeeconomic"leapfrogdevelopment".Thewishofthelatecomersteristicsof"naturalgrowth".Whenthetechnologyoffiberopticsappeared,thelatecomersdonothavetoworryab"leapfrog"theperiodofindustrializationanddirectlyenterthe"informationage".,steelan,,andanyattempttoabolishthisprocessandpinhopesonthenotionthattheintroductionofnewequipmentandtechnologiescanformconsiderablecompetitivenesswillbeamisunderstandingoftheessenceofcompeti’,’,,larg,Chinahasembarkedonthepathofindustrializationandhasdemonstratedmoretangibleadva,marketadvantageisalsodemonstratedinthemultiplelevelsofthemarket,whichinturnprovideopportunitiesonshipofthelabor’slargestpopulationsizecaninacertaindegreeforma"marketforce"thathasanimportantclink,themutualconstraintbetweenChina’sdoinChina’prioritytothedevelopmentofindustryandespeciallytheheavyindustry,whichhavebeenenforcedforalongtime,havecausedaseriousasymmetryinChina’sstructureoftheprimary,,morethanhalfofthepopulationandlaborf,industrializationmustsharethefruitofdevelopmentthroughthetransferofagriculturalan,thetasksofChina’sindustrializationwillbemoredifficultthananyothercountries.MiJianguo,,2004Afterthepolicytocarryouttaxsharingsystemreformin1994wasimplementedbytheState,anextraor,,theintrinsiceffectofthe’sGDP(calculatedaccordingtocurrentprice)%annuallyonaveragefrom1993to2003;duringthesameperiod,%onaverage,,,,%comparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,%grow;moreover,themomentumofhighergrowthoftaxreven’seconomyonthewholehaskeptthemomentumofstable,rapidandsustainabledevelopment,,manyyearsoflargeamountofinvestmentinfixedassetsandtechnologicalinnovationinthe1990shascreatedhugeproductioncapacity;secondly,thefour-yearlongproactivefiscalpolicyhasgreatlyenhancedtheeconomicinfrastructurelevelforthedevelopmentofthenationaleconomy;thirdly,thereformofState-ownedenterpriseshasbeenputontherighttrackof"givingbackpowersandcreatingprofits"andestablishingamodernenterprisesystemfromthelimboof"delegatingpowerstolowerlevelsandconcedingprofits",withtheirvitalitybeingconstantlystrengthened;,China’snationaleconomyhasenteredanewdevelopmentcyclesince2002,economicgrowthhasacceleratedmarkedly,,%;eventheSARSepidemicin2003coul%.And,,thecurrenthighgrowthofChina’staxrevenuestemsfromtheimprovementofthequalityoftheoperationoftheeconomyandincreasedbenefitsbroughtaboutbysystemreform,marketeconomy;itisthemanifestationofgraduallyreleasedpotentialproductioncapacitybydeepeningthereformsinvariousfields,therealreflectionofindependentgrowthcapabilityoftheeconomyformedunderthenewdevelopmentsystem,andalsotherecognitionoftheeffectivenessofvariousmacroeconomiccontrolpoliciespromulgatedbythecentralleadershipofth,economicscaleexpanded,thequalityofChina’soperationoftheeconomywasimprovedfurther,whichisespeciallyprominentinthefieldoftheindustrialsector–,tyofthetotalassetsofindustrialenterprises,fullyrevealingacompany’soperational,,,,notonlytheprofitsofState-ownedindustrialenterprisesandlarge-scale(annualsalesrevenueexceeding5millionRenminbi)non-State-ownedindustrialenterpriseshaveincreasedbyalargeextent,;buttheirtaxpaymentalsogrewby63%inthefouryears,’sindustrialeconomyismakingthetransitioninthenewcentury,graduallyfrom"quantity-oriented"to"quality-oriented",from"traditionalindustrialization"to"modernindustrialization".ighincreaseoftaxrevenueinrecentyearsisd,taxdodging,taxevasion,illegaltaxreductionandexemption,falsificationofvalue-addedtaxinv,%aftertheextraordinaryincreasein1993;%in1994,%ofcollectabletaxrevenuewaslostaccountingfor84%rmatizationinthecountry,andwiththeclosecooperationofvariousgovernmentdepartmentsoffinance,industrycommerce,customsandpublicsecurityetc.,taxauthoritiesvigorouslyimplementedtheGoldenTaxProject,tacklingproblemsatthesource,conductingprocesscontrolandtaxinspectiontorealizetheseparationoflevies,managementandchecks,thusstrengtheningthescientificanddetailedmanagementoftaxationaffairs,tionratestoraiseitsproportionintheGDP,,%%enefitdistributionexistsbetweenthecountry,,creditisalsoaveryimflectedintermsofproductivity,,honestyandreliabilitywereconsideredfoolish,,itsbanefulinfluenceistranslatedintothelarge-scaleandwidespreadpresenceoftaxdodging,"rarities".First,thosewhovoluntarilyreportandpaytaxesarebasicallylargeandmedium-sizedenterprises;,evenforthoseenterprisesorprivatecompaniesthatreportandpaytaxes;,thegovernmenthastakentheissueofhonesttaxpaymentasthemaincontentofbuildinganhonestsocietyandamarketeconomysystem;therelev,theconductoftaxdodging,taxevasionandtaxcheatingarepenalizedaccordingtolaw;withrespecttoethics,creditdossiersshallbesetup,thetaxpaymentrateoflarge-scaleenterpriseshasexceeded99%,withtherateoffulltaxpaymentnolessthan70%;therateoffulltaxpaymentoftheprivateeconomyisalsoontheupwardtrend.。

    ItcanbeseenfromCh,,theannualgrowthratejumpedover14percent,,theCentralGovernmenttookstrictmeasuresofmacro-regulationincludingadoptionofadministrativemeasuressu,theslowdownofgrowthduringthisperiodoftimewasanormalresponsetothemeasu,however,,theCentralGovernmenthasshiftedtoanexpansivefinancialandmonet,,andlargeamountsofproductioncapacitiesremainidle,,surplusofproductioncapacitieswhenithasjustreachedafairlyprimarystageofdevelopmentToanswerthisquestion,itisnecessaandfornon-governmentalinvestment--twomajorfactorsrestrictinggrowthofdomesticdemandDemandcanbedivided,firstofall,,theAsianfinancialcrisisin1997anditsseriousinfluenceuponChina’sexportshaveconsti,forinstance,China’,domesticdemandwillalwaysplayadecisiveroleintheeconomicgrowth,fromalongpointofview,theinfluenceofexportgrowthontheeconomicgrowthasawholewillbecomparativelysmaller(asshowninChart2).Domesticdemand,theretailofconsumergoodsinChina’,,,theslowdowninconsumptiondemandgrowthhasitsrootmainlyintheruralareas,asindicatedinTable1.WuJinglianResearchReportNo093,2004FromApril6-18andMay27-28,mycolleaguesandImadeasurveyinninecountiesofZhejiangProvincetostu,andwith20years’rapideconomicgrowth,ZhejianghasnowreachedthemiddleincomelevelwithapercapitaGDPofoverUS$2000,,underthenewsituation,Zhejiang’seconomy,whichdevelopedonthebasisofinstitutionaladvantagesaswellaslow-endandlow-pricelabor-intensiveproducts,,privateeconomiesofthecoastalareas(especiallytheprovincesofJiangsu,GuangdongandFujian),goodbasisofexternaleconomicrelations,and,withgradualemergenceofthediversifiedeconomicownershipsysteminthecentralandwesternregions,theadvanarningthattheprovinceis"laggingbehindGuangdonginspeed,Shanghaiinquality,Jiangsuinexported-orientedeconomy,andlater-developingprovincesinpotentials".Inaddition,theoverallintegrationofthedomesticmarketwiththeinternationalmarketandshortagesinenergy,landandfreshwaterallcontributetocreateagravethrea,:;my;’seconomydevelopedthroughlabor-intensiveprocessingindustries,whoseproductsarecharacterizedbylowend,smalladdedvalue,lowprofit,,clothesandbuttonsthatusedtoprosperinWenzhou,theadvancedareaofZhejiangProvince,,peopleinthepolitical,academicandenterprisecircleshavealreadyreachedconsensusthatZhejiangwillnothavea,theproblemiswhataretherightroadanddirectionforZhejiangtofollowinupgradingitsindustriesHistoricalexperiencesofeconomicdevelopmentofothercountriestestifythatthisisacrucialis,economicdevelopmentofadvancedindustrialcountriesfromagriculturaltodevelopedindustrialeconomiesmaybedividedintothreehistoricalstages,namelythepre-takingoffstage,,theybasicallyadoptedthreedifferentgrowthmethods(changesingrowthmethodsandgrowthtypesweresummarizedfirstbySamuelsoninhistextbookEconomics,pp1316-1358,Economics(Version12),ChinaDevelopmentPublicationHouse,Beijing,1992).Inthepre-takingoffstage,economicdevelopmentmainlydependsoninputofnaturalresources,,economicdevelopmentlargelyrelieso(In1931,"HoffmanEmpiricalTheorem",whichbelievesthatheavyindustrieswillincreasin,industrializationofAmericanandEuropeancountriesdidnotfollowthis"theorem"in20thcentury.)Withthisgrowthmethod,economicdevelopmentislargelyrestrictedbyresourcerestraints,andlargeinputsofphysicalcapital(constantcapital)willinevitablyleadtoeconomicandsocialpr,duringthemoderndevelopmentstage,namelythemiddle-andlate-stageofindustrialization,theadvancedcountriesturnedtoamodernizationmethodsmainlybasedontheaccumulationofhumanresources(knowledgecapacity),,theenginethatpushedeconomicdevelopmentwasserviceindustryintheearly20thcentury,ofEastAsiancountriesinthelate20thcenturytookazigzaggedroadisthattheywerenotabletochangetheirearlydevelopmentmetho,theleadingopinionsinZhejiangstressedonfollowingtheroadoftheadvancedcountriesintheinitialdevelopmentstage,nstage,"weak",andthusproposedthatZhejiangshoulddevelopheavyindustriescoveringbasicrawmaterials,electricity,petrochemicals,smelting,heavymachinery,automobileandshipbuildingindustriesatveryfastspeed,soasto"upgradetheindustriesconsistingmainlyoflightidentifyingmanufacturingtothoseconsistingmainlyofheavymanufacturingindustries"(IdentifyingZhejiang’sFeaturesintheAgeofHeavyIndustries,ZhejiangDaily,19March2004).AlthoughZhejianghasalongdevelopmenthistoryofserviceindustries,andsomeenterpriseshaveachievedgoodresultsinthedevelopmentofinformationindustryoverthepastfewyears,manyenterprisesarestillont,theextensivedevelopmentmethodsofhighinput,highconsumptionandlowemploymenthavequicklyrevealedtheirdefects....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米SunXiaoyuBuildingaresource-efficientsocietyandrealizingasustainabledevelopmenthavebecomethegoalallcfeconomicdevelopmentandthenon-renewablefeatureofsomeresources,allcountrieswouldhaveto,basedontheirrespectivenationalconditions,improvetheutilizationefficiencyofresourcesandreduce’sindustrialization,urbanizationandmodernization,thesupply-demandconflictintermsofresourcesisgrowing,,comparedwithothercountries,morecomplicated,,basedonthescenarioofChina’seconomicdevelopmentandspecificnationalconditions,absorbandborrowtheadvancedexperiencesofforeigncountries,andblazeanewresource-efficientdevelopmentroadthatbestsuitsChina’vingthegoalofmodernization,theconstrai,totransformthemodeofeconomicgrowth,totakeanewroadofindustrialization,,formulateclear-cutstrategies,policiesanddevelopmentgoals,takepracticalandeffectivemeasures,giveprioritytosolvingthecriticalproblemsrelatedtothesystemandmechanism,leviated,couldalong-termmechanisminpromotingconservationofresourcesbeestablished,andcouldChina’’seconomy,lowefficiencyinresourcesutilizationandseriousenvironmentalpollutionistheimperfecteconomicstructure,andthecrucialcauseisthattherelationshipamongthegovernment,,howshouldtherolesofenterprises,governmentandthemarketbedefinedInwhatwayshouldtheyplaytheirrespectiverolesHowshouldtheirinter-rel,Ibelieve,"thegovernmentplaysthekeyrole,enterprisesarethemainplayers,andthemarketisthefoundation,andthecommonparticipationbyallsocialsectorsistheguarantee."ducingwasteofresources,protectingtheenvironmentandachievingasustainabledevelopmentareissueswithadirectbearingonthecountry’rovide,,manyproblemsrelatedtoresourcesineconomicdevelopmentallhave,prioritysh,itisnecessarytoclearlydefinetheroleofresourcesconservationinthecountry’slong-termdevelopmentstrategy,lpolicyandshould,nottostressresourcesconservationwhentheconstraintofresourcesshortageisserious,overnmentsmustpayhighattentionto,notanissuethatthecentralgovernme,notastrategythatisimplementedinregionswhereresourcesintotheirsocialandeconomicdevelopmentplans,shouldembodytheirconceptandawarenessofresourceconservationintheirspecificactionsandtheimplementationofthestrategy,,thegovernmentshouldmakesystematicdesignandarrangementsofresourcesconservationintermsoflaw,standards,policyandgovernmentcontrols,shouldestablishalegalandpolicyframeworkthatisconsistentwiththegoalofbuildingaresources-efficientsociety,andshouldgiveprioritytotheapmatestablishingalong-termmechanismforpromotingresourcesconservation;havecompulsorystandardsandpayattentiontoestablishinganeffectiveincentivemechanism;andprovideincentivesforr,inparticular,establishaneconomicrewardandpenaltysystemconsistentwithmarketeconomyprincipleswiththetoolsoftaxationandpricecontrol,soastoreasonablyguidetheinvestmentbehaviorsofproducersandconsumptionbehaviorsofthepublic,andtoguidethem,thegovernmentsshouldtrytoavoidthephenomenonofstressingprinciplesofthepolicy,butneglectingtheapplicabilityofthepolicies,stressingtheformulationofthepolicies,,,andmoreimportant,sconservation,andshouldvigorouslyencouragearesource-conservingproductsandservices,encouragetheinnovativeawarenessofresourceconservationandimprovetheirownefficiencyinresourcesutilization.。

    澳门澳博MG奔月传说游戏FengFeiResearchReportNo181,2002Thereformofthecurrentgovernmentcontrolledelectricalpowersupplysystemandtheestablishmentofamodernelectricalpowersupplysupervisionsystemthatconformstothereformtowardsmarketizationofthepowerindustryandrelevantgeneralinternationalpracticeisvitaltotheearlyestablishmentandeffectivefunctioningofthemarketmechanismofthepowerindustry,theeffectivemonitoringandaccelerationofthereformsinasmoothandorderlymanner,andthere,thesuccessorfailureofthepowerindustryreformdepe,however,thatthecurrentrefor—atthestateandregionallevels,withoutgivingsufficientconsiderationinitsdivisionofpor,,sincetheprovincialmarketsaredifficulttobecompressedwithinashortperiodoftime,theregionalsupervisorybodiesmaybecomeineffectiveastheyarefarawayfromtheprovincialmarketsandthereuponassumesafartoolargeareaofsupervision,leaving,inreality,,boththesupervisorybodiesandvariousma,atthebeginningofthereform,rtheregionalsupervisorybodies,th,the"weakimpact"ofthesebodiesonprovincialmarketsmaylikelypushtheprocessofcultivatingtheregionalelectricalpowermarketthroughthesetti,manycountrieshaveadoptedsystemreformsthatmainlyincludedparallelintroductionofmarketmechanismandrgsupervision(mainlyovereconomicregulations),introducingmaximummarketcompetitionmechanismintotheelectricalpowerindustry,adoptingtheconceptoflimitedscopeofsupervision(concentratingonsupervisionoverpowergridmonopolyofelectricalpowertransmissionanddistribution),settingthemainobjectiveofsupervisionasfacilitatingafullcompetitionamongeligibleelements,,themarketmechanismswillbeabletoplaytheirrolesinresourceallocation,,,theestablishmentofelectricalpowersupervisorybodiesandthedeterminationontheirte,,whenthemarketmechanismsarestilldeveloping,orwhentheyarestillimmature,,thesupervisorymechanismshouldbedynamic,astherearewidedifferencesbetweenprojectionsduringthmentTheidealelectricalpowermarketstructureandcompetitionmechanisms(withoutreferringtocompetitioninthesalesmarketofelectricalpowerforthetimebeing,soastocorrespondtothecurrentreformplan)mayhavethefollowingfeatures:(1)Themarketoperationmechanisms:Appropriateandeffectivecompetitionexistsinthepowergenerationmarket,andpricingforelectriributiongrids,andthegovernmentcontrolsthepricingoftransmissionanddistributionprices.(2)Themarketstructure:Nosingleelectricalpowerproducerhasdominatinginfluenceinthemarketandallentitiesmaintaintheirrespectivefairshare,allelectricalpowerproducercompaniesareindependentcompetitorsandhave/acquirediversifiedstockequitystructures.(3)Themarketstate:Aunifiedmarketwithoptimumcompetitionhastakenformandthesituationofattemptedself-sustainedbalanceofelectricalpowersupplyofindividualprovinceshasundergonefundamentalchange,nationalpowermarkethasalsogrownintoanappropriatescale,tionalscale;an,theremaybetwoapproachestosetupthepowersupervisionbody:Oneisathree-tierstructure,namely,thepowersupervisionmechanismconsistedofthreelevelsincludingthestate,regionsandcertainprovinces(ormunicipalitiesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmentorautonomousregions).Theotherisatwo-tierstructure,namely,thesupervisionmechanismconsistedofonlytwounitsatthestateandregionallevels,leavingnosimilarunitsattheprovinciallevel....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1Certainly,thismarketinconceptislimitedtothemarketofcompetingpowerproducers,aswellastheelectricalpowersalesmarkettobesetupgraduallyinfuture.,2002Inrecentyears,alongwiththeexpansionoftheroleofprivateenterprisesinlocaleconomicdevelopment,localgovernmentsaregivingmoreandmoreattentiontothectiveprotectionofthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterpr,eventsofencroachmentonthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterprisesremaincommonandserious,,problemsrelatingtotheprotectionofthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterprisesmainlytakethefollowingforms::DifficultmanagementafterpurchaseBasedontheinvestigationofrelevantdepartmentsincludingtheFederationofIndustryandCommerceofAnhuiProvince,inSeptember1998,HaitianGroup,aprivateenterpriseinMa,HaitianGroupwastobuyoverMaAnShanRubberPlant,abankruptenterprise,,,butmostofthemdidnotsinouncements,itstoppedissuingwagesfortheseworkersandstaffsinceJunethenextyear,resultingina,thecompanyreissuedthewagesoftheabsentworkersandstaffaccordingtotheopinionofthecoordina,astheworkersandstaffdidnotchangetheir"bigpot"mindset,theconfrontationalmooddidnotsubside,,theworkersandstaffappealedto,theChemicalIndustryBureauofthecityinformedHaitianGroupinwriting,askingHaitianGrouptowithdrawfromHaixiangCompany,,theChemicalIndustryBureau,backedupbythecityleaders,appealedtothecou,:Privateenterprises’,duetovariousconstrainingfactors,privateenterprise,butonceprivateenterpriseswanttopurchasethem,enbeinglaidoff,butoncetheirenterprisesaretobepurchasedbyormergedwithprivateenterprises,theybecomeprovocativeandtouchy,,thegovernmentusuallytriestomaintainst:GovernmentconstructionprojectstrangledaprivateenterpriseinGuiyangGuiyangXinghuaFerroalloyPlantisaprivate,thesittingofthenewGuiyangairportin,atthespecialmeetingpresidedoverbyavicemayor(concurrentdeputycommanderfortheconstructionoftheLongdongbaoAirport)ofGuiyang,,XinghuaFerroalloyPlantmustcompleteitsmovebeforeMarch1996;aspecialworkinggroupforthemovingwouldbeestablishedtooverseetheimplementation;andasXinghuaFerroalloyPlantenjoyedgoodeconomicresults,,theworkinggroupforthemovingrelayedtheideaofthespecialmeetingtoXinghuaFerroalloyPlant,(1995)ofHuaxiDistrictG,XinghuaFerroalloyPlantimmediatelystoppedbusinessactivitiesands,theplantconductedassetassessmentaccordingtolegalprocedures,formulatedthebudgetreportforreorgani,aftertheplantstoppedproduction,ibilityamongthem,,themovingfeeswereembezzledbycertainleadersforrenovatingbuildingsinthe,theplantreportedtotheprovincialgovernmentofGuizhouandobtai,,,,,themanagementofXinghuaFebur,theairportthenclaimedthatthesiteoftheplantwaswithintheclearancezoneoftheairportandits,theheadofenvironmentalprotectionbureauofHuaxiDistrictGovernmentofGuiyangCitycametotheplantwithsomeotherpeopleandannou,leadingtodirecteconomiclossesofoverRMB400,,theplantisstilltr:Thiscase,theimportantdecisiontomovetheplantfromitsexitingsite,whichrelatedtoenterprisesurvival,roup"relayedtheideaofthespecialmeeting"toitandwas"demandedtoimplementaccordingtotherequirementscontainedinthedocument".Second,aftertheenterprisestoppedproduction,thedepartmentsconcerneddidnottrytosolveitsactualproblems,,whentheenterprisehadtoresumeproductiontosaveitselffouryearsafterproductionstopped,apieceofhand-writtenpaperofthechiefofthedistrictenvironmentalprotectwithforeigninvestment,coulditbetreatedinthatwayComparedwiththesetwotypesofenterprises,privateenterprisesapparentlycouldnotnegotiatewithgovernmentdepartmentsontheirexistingstatus,andtheirrightsandinterestsarenothinginfrontofgovernmentdocuments....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,LongGuoqiangResearchReportNo080,2002Fordiversevariablesincludingthestagesofeconomicdevelopment,competitivenessofenterprises,thesituationofinternationalpayments,linkswithregionalintegration,andforeignpolicies,differentcountriesadoptpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadwithdifferentobjectives,,policiesonencouraginginvestmentabroadcanbeclassifiedasinformationandtechnicalassistance,financialsupportandinvestmentinsurance,financialsupport,’scurrentpoliciesonencouraginginvestmentabroadandtheirevaluationAsacountryexercisingforeignexchangecontrol,Chinah,however,ithasgraduallyloosenedcontroloverinvestmentinsomespecialfieldsinforeigncountriesina,therewasevenahightideofinvesicreturnsfromanoverallpointofview,however,,ChinaimplementedthestrategyofencouragingenterprisestoengageinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChina,whichaimedatincreasingexports(processingandassemblywithmaterialsfromChinareferstothepracticeofinternationaleconomicandtradecooperationbyspurringandincreasingexportofChineseequipment,technology,componentpartsandrawmaterialsthroughengagementofChineseenterprisesinforeignbusinessesofprocessingandassembly,usingtechnologyandequipmentasmajoritemsofinvestment),(1)CurrentsituationInformationserviceonoverseasinvestmentcomesmainlyfromChineseembassiesinforeigncountries,andtheinformationcoversmainlythemacroeconomyandmarketdemandinforeigncountries,,suchasthemediaincludingtheInternationalBusinessNewspaperandtheofficial,especiallythoseapplyingfortheCentralForeignTradeDevelopmentFunds,foreign-aidfunds,joint-ventureandcooperativeprojectsfundsofforeignaid,itisrequiredintheproceedingsofapplicationthatassessmentopinionsbeprovidedbythecommercialofficeoftheChineseembassiesconcernedsoastoprovideinformationabouttheprojectsinthecondEconomicCooperationhaveformulatedandpromulgatedthe(FirstBatchof)CatalogsofProductsEncouragedbytheStatetoBeProcessedorAssembledabroadwithChineseMaterials,andarenowworkingontheDatabankofProjectsofProcessingandAssemblyabroadwithChineseMaterialsandwillpublishitat,theChineseGovernmenthastriedtoincludenegotiationsoninves’98XiamenInternationalTradeandInvestmentFairheldin2001,forinstance,nmicandTradeCommissi,forinstance,providesasubsidyofRMB100,000everyyeartocompensateforcostsoffront-endstudiesandclear-upofsitesforprocessingandassemblyproductsabroadwithChinesematerials.(2)BriefcommentsAlthoughtheChineseGovernmenthasbeenprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestmentforquitealongtime,,theinformationitcollectsisfragmentalandscrappybecaus,thevalueofquitealotofinformationit,t,forinstance,privateoverseasinvestmentcompaniesaremainlyresponsibleforprovidinginformationservicesonoverseasinvestment,,however,,therearenoauthorizedorunifiedchannelsforthereleaseofinformation,asituationattributabletotheabs,,suchasorganizationofdelegationstomakeinspectiontoursandconclusionofagreementsondevelopmentofindustrialparkswithinvestinghosts,hasbeenconductedbyonlyaverysmallnumberoflocalgovernmentsinChina,,(1)CurrentpoliciesonfinancialincentivesChinaprovidesthefollowingfinancialsupporttoChineseenterprisesengaginginprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerials:First,ChinesebanksareallowedtoragEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterials,itisstipulatedthatcommercialbanksandtheimportandexportbanksmaylendlong,mediumandshort-termloanstoenterprisesqualifiedtotakenlyforpurchasingequipmentandtechnologyforbuildingfac(includingoneyear)shallbeusedmainlyforpurchasingrawmaterialsandcomponentpartsfromab,,,thebanksmayadoptvariouswaysandmethodstosupportdevel,sforEncouragingEngagementintheBusinessofProcessingandassemblingabroadwithChineseMaterialsthattheinterestratesforloanstosuchprojectsetbytheStateiftheborrowersareexcellentincreditabilityandmanagement,ortheprojectspjoyinterestsubsnessesofProcessingandAssemblingAbroadwithChineseMaterialsformulatedjointlybytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,StateEconomicandTradeCommissionandtheMinistryofFinancethatenterprisestakingupbusinessesofprocessingandassemblingabroadwithChinesematerialsmayreceivepreferentialloansofaforeign-aidtype,whicharelongandmedium-termloansishedbythePeople’sBanrestforForeignExchangeLoansBorrowedbyEnterprisesEngagedinProcessingTradeAbroadasWorkingCapital,jointlypromulgatedbytheMinistryofForeignTradeandEconomicCooperation,theMinistryofFinance,theStateEconomicandTradeCommission,thePeople’sBankofChina,andtheStateAdministrationofForeignExchange,thatthebankslendingtheapprovedforeignexchangeloanstoenterprisesengagedinprocessingtradeabroadshallcalculatetheinterestsatnormalrates,withtheForeignTradeDevelopmentFundprovidinganannual2percentagepointinterestsubsidyfortheseloans....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.澳门24小时电竞重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,LuZhongyuan,,ertheNext5-15YearsThankstohardworkinthefirstfouryearsofthe10thFive-YearPlan,,thepercapitaGDPislikelytosurpass1,,theeconomicrestructuringhasneverbeensoactive,nsaregraduallybecomingsound,ingroot,whichwillofferascientificguidetotheoveralleconomicandsocialdevelopment,however,heenvironmentThiswillbethemostprominentcontradictionconfrontingChina’,theeconomyisgrowinginafastandsustainedmannerandisinanewroundofgrowth,theaggregateamountoftheeconomyisvidinevitabl,theextensivemodeofgrowth,characterizedbyhighinvestment,highconsumption,lowoutputandlowefficiency,ispushingupthecostofecon,theyareproblemswiththeextensivemodeofeconomicgrowth,’sscientificadvanceanditseconomicconstructionhasnotbeenfundamentallysolved,andthelowtechnologicalcontentsimpeconomicgrowthTheincompletemarketeconomyhasbeentheunderlyingreasonofthelowqualityofChina’,thereformoftheinvestmentsystemislaggingbehind,whichisharmfulbothtoimprovingtheeconomicefficiencyofinvestmentsthroughthemarke,thefinancialandtaxsystemsarenotstandard,whichisharmfultoremoving,thefinancialsystemisunsoundandthefinancialparametersaredistorted,whichisharmfultooptimizingandupgradingthedomest,theuse-costoftheenvironmentandresourcesistoolow,whichmakesitdifficulttoformthecorrespondingmechanismstostimulateandcontrolthesubstitutionandconservationofresources,thereisnostandardandlong-termmanagementsystemfortheallocationoflandresources,which,politicalreformsarelaggingbehindeconomicones,whichtendto,butthedevelopmentofsocialundertakingsislaggingbehi,,China’ssocial,theallocat,theexistingpublicfinanceandsocialcoordinationmechanismareinadequatetocopewiththenewchallen,thetrendofpopulationdevelopmentisgrave,exertinganenormouspressureonsustainabledev,thepoverty-strickenpopulationgroupsareexpandin,diversesocialcontradictionswillinevitablyaffectsocialstabilityandcohesivedevelopmentiftheallocationofpublicserviceresourcesisnotproperlyadjusted,thesocialsecuritysystemisdefective,thenon-governmentalorganizationsaretooweak,thechannelsfortheexchangeofpublicopinionarenotsmooth,zationforallocatingoffactorsThegrossimbalanceinregionaldevfreerflowoffactorsofproductionandacersufficient,theintensityofthetransferpaymentfromthecentralfinancetotheunderdevelopedregionsisnotstrongenough,theregionalpoliciesarenotfullyplayingtheirexpectedrolesinmakingupformarketflaws,andtheinfrastructurefacilities,self-developmentcapacitiesandwelfarelevelsoftheunderdevelopedregionsarebadlyinneedofimprovementandenhancement.WangMengkuiWhatwearediscussingatthisforumisnotonlyacrucialtaskforbuildingawell-offsocietyinanall-roundway,butasubstantiveissueforachievingindustrializationandmodernizati’smodernizationtobuildawell-offsocietyinanall-roundway,accomplishmodernizationgradually,whileconcentratingoureffortsontheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,,weusedtotackletheissueonthestrengthofagriculturalproduction,butnowweshouldapplywaysofindustrialization,,wewilluseadvancedtechnologyintransformingagricultureandoverallruraleconomy;wewillmovealargenumberofrurallabortonon-agriculturalsectorsbyurbanization;wewilladheretothereforminthedirectionofsocialistmarketeconomy;andwewillincorporateru,transferringenormousrurallaborerstonon-agriculturalsectors,andgraduallychangingthedualstructureofurbanandruraleconomnd,inwhichtheprioritygiventoheavyindustryresultedinthedecreaseoflaborabsorbedbyunitcapital,andthemovementfororganizationofpeoplemonopolyofpurchaseandmarketingandthepolicyofsegmentationofurbanandruralareas,makingthecountry’,,,thecountryhasstartedtoloosenitspolicy,,thepopulationincitiesandtownssurged210million,,theproportionofagriculturall(comparedwith18percentin1978bycalculatingwithnon-comparablefactors)in2000,,nowtherateofurbanizationisstillaround10percentagepointslowerthantheworldaveragelevel,andalsoevidentlybeovementoflaborforcecontributedapproximately16percenttotheeconomicgrowthrateofoverninepercentinthelast20yearsofthe20thcentury,,enhancedtheinternationalcompetitivenessofChineseindustrialproducts,,urallaborandspeedupurbanization,soastoprovidtheobjectiveofaccomplish,from2000-2020theproportionoftheprimaryindustryinChina’,,,theproportionofagriculturallaborforceintheentireemployedpopulationwillfallfrom50percentto30-35percent,,whiletherateofurbanizati,wecanachievesuchprogressofurb,,withquitealargenumberofpopulation,Chinaisnowexperiencingadualtransitionofeconomicsystemreformandeconomicrestructuring,whichbroughtaboutheavypressureofemploymentandspecialdifficulties,,urbanizationwillexhibitavarietyoftransitionalshapes:alargenumberofagriculturallaborerswillmovetonon-agriculturalsectors;theemploymentformswillbevarious;manypeoplewillnotleavetheirfarmlandsoquickly;soyinruralareas,,andprudentlytransfe,butweshouldhaveanoverallplanningwithaviewtousingiteconomically,andprotectingfarmers’,thefeespaidfortakingrurallandaccountedforasmallshare,,50percentoftheappealsfiledbyfarmerstothehigherauthoritiesforhelpwererelatedtothetransferoflanduseright,,andthesourceforsomeplacestobuildvarious"imageprojects".Thatiswhytheincomesoffasses,someofwhichhavebecometheprimitiveaccumulationforindustrialization,whileothersf,theprimitiveaccumulationwillnotbemuch;whileinthelongterm,,thestabilizationofruralsociety,increaseoffarmers’incomes,andexpansionofruralmarketwillguarant,thesubjectsalsoincludetheruraleducationalexpenditure,statefinanceandtaxationsystem,,weshouldhaveanoverallplanningontheurbanandruraldevelopment,andappropriatelyinfavoroffarmersandruralareasindealingwiththerelationshanization....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------*Thisistheauthor’saddressattheForumof"UrbanizationwithChineseCharacteristics"jointlyheldbytheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilandtheEconomicsDailyonSeptember14,2003.’,an,China’seconomyhasbyandlargesteppedontothetrackofsocialistmarketeconomy,themechanismofmarkethasstartedtoplayabasicroleindistributionofresources,andthetradebasedoncredithasbecomethedominantmethodinthecountry’,a"buyersmarket",,creditofferedbyenterpriseforpurchasea,however,thedisorderofcreditsystemhasbecomeacriticalissuehamperingChina’,andbecomebaddebts,increasingnon-performingloanndelayedforalongtime,,counterfeitandinfringem,concealing,,increasedthetransactioncostsanddecreasedtheeconomicoperationefficiency,butalsodirectlyaffectedandhamperedthemarketmechanismfromplayinganormalroleinthedistributionofresources,andreducedtheeffectofgovernment’spolioncontractsamongeconomicentities,’sentryintotheWTO,thechaosincreditsystemalsoseriouslytarnishedthecountry’sinternationalcreditimage,’smodernmarketeconomyhadnotgrownenough,theeconomybasedoncreditappearedlate,,,socialeconomicentitieslacktheco,althoughtheconceptofmarketeconomyforurbanandruralresidentsandenterpriseshavebeenstrengthened,theculturalenvironmtmechanismforassessingcreditmoralitybasedonwhich,withinanenterprise,whichincludesmanagementofreceivablesandproductsales,,throughwhichenterpriseithinChina’,improperofferingofcreditalwaysleadtofailureinperformingthecontract,andcredit-offeringenterprisesfrequentstatusofclients,,asthepropertyrightsystemofstate-ownedenterprisesisnotcomplete,theirinternaladministrationstructureisnotstandardized,andthesituationofbeingdependentongovernmentshasnotbeenendedcompletely,,uponwhichthevulnerablepartywithlessinformationwillbedefrauded,’ssociety:ontheonehand,thedataofcreditinformationisopenedinlowdegree;thereislackofachanneltostandardizethedistributionandcollectionofinformation;thereisnospecificlawprovisionsonpublicityanduseofcollectedinformation;informationaboutenterprisesandindividualsinthehandsofgovernmentdepartmentsandspecial,,marketoperationandcreditproductstosomeenterprises,theirmarketislimitedandisoperatedatadispersedstate,t,thedatabasesofChina’screditinter,,’srelatedlawsarenotcompleteandthepunishmentmechanismagainstbreachoffaithisnotcomplete,agreatnumberofdefaultsw,effectivecreditjointmechanismandthecreditinformationisunsymmetric,the"blackrecords"of,rtywholosecredibilityandindirectlybreakstheconfidenceofthosehono,thereisacompletecreditsupervisionandmanagementsystemofthestate,includinglegislationandenforcementrelatingtocredit,,,althoughthereisaprincipleofhonoringcreditinChina’sGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw,ContractLaw,andLawagainstCompetitionbyInappropriateMeans,andtherearesomeregulationsconcerningpunishmentonfraudsandsimilarcrimesintheCriminalLaw,thisstilldoesnotconst,ivelyweak....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo162,cingactivityreferstoinformallyorganizedpublicfinvestmentandfinancingprocesseswherethesurplussocialcapitalsaretransfondepartmentsaresovigorousistyaimedatservingtheprivateeconomyandfillingupthevacancyofthesupplyanddemandmarket,ficultiesSincethereformandopeningup,China’,householdindus,,,theto,,,,ts"supplementary"s,however,thefinancingdifficultythathasalsystemandstructuralproblemsintheformalfinancialsystem,neitherthecapitalmarketnorthefundmarkethasev,about80percentoftheenterprisesregardfinancingdifficultyastheirmajordevelopmentobstacle,andover90percentofhouseholdandprivateenterprise(exceptlistedcompanies),theirowncapitaltakesup65percent,privateloansandcommercialcreditstakeup25percent,bankloansonlytakeup10percent,rivateenterprisescanhardlysatisfytheircapitaldemandthroughformalchannels,informalfinancingactivitieshaveremainedvigorousinareaswithdevelopedprivateeconomyandhavebecomeamajorsourceyrestrictedvarioustypesofprivatefinancingactivitiesandstrictlybanned"illegalfundraising"activities,,theymainlytakethefollowingways:,privateborrowingmarkethasneverceasedthanthatofbanklending,manyurbanresidentsinvestedtheirfundsintothismarketall-sizedenterprises,downstreamenterprisesdelaytheirpaymentsforupstreamenterprises,enterprisesdelaypaymenttooneanother,a,whenenterprise,theguaranteedenterpriseusesitsenterpriypartytodoso,thecreditor’,significantnumberofunderground(orsemi-underground)privatebanksandmiddlemenhds,:First,strength,buttheyhavetopayinterestsforinformalfinancingatadoubleratethanthatoftheformalfinancing,,’scapitalmarketrevealsthatthecostforlistingisveryhighwhetheranenterprisegetsdirectlylisted,orthroughpurchasingthemajor,,,duetohighinvestmentrisks,,,asthesharesofnon-listedcompaniescanhardlycirculate,manyundergroundtransactionstookplace,,undergroundstocktransactionsusedtoprevailinXi’an,Chengdu,Hainan,,theincomesfromstockownershiptrusteeofonly50enterprisesdelistedfromthestockexchangeamountedtoRMB30millioninoneyear,uitycirculationbycertaindegree,theyalsocreatedlotsof"primarysharefrauds".Somecompaniesjoinedtoge,aldoesnotonlyintensifytheproblemofchain-debtsinsociety,,,inter-en,however,,somelawlesspeoplehaveexploit,withsomeloansgrownfromthesizeof"ant"intothatof"elephant",andtheborrowersbeenruined,whichseriouslyaffectedsocialstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1DatafromtheAll-ChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerce.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以FengFeiYangJianlong,,’6yearsafterthereformandopening-up,butinrecentyears,theproportionofthetertiaryindustryhasdeclinedFrom1978to2003,;(SeeChart1).Thethreeindustrialstructuresunderwentobviouschanges,andthechandustrytookplaceduringtheSixthFive-YearPlanandSeventhFive-YearPlanperiods(1981-1990,seeChart2),,losingperiodoftheSeventhFive-YearPlanduringthelateperiodoftheNinthFive-YearPlan,thefirstthreeyearsofthe10thFive-YearPlanperiodsawadeclineagain,an,thecontributionrateofthesecondaryindustryhasbeenmostlyhigherthan60%.Thet%%.(FromtheChinaStatisticsYearbook,2004).ThecontributionrateofthetertiaryindustrytoGDPvariedfrom20%to35%.IfthegrowthrateofGDPisstudiedtogetherwiththechangesoftheproportionoftheincomefromthesecondaryandtertiaryindustries,wecanfindthattheperiodwhentheproportionoftertiaryindustryobviouslyincreasedwasbasicallywhentheeconomyindicatorswentdown;andthenoticeableriseoftheproportion,thesecondaryindustry(especiallytheindustry)isstillthemainforcethatdrivestheeconomicgrowth,andthetertiaryindustry’,theheavyandchemicalindustrieshavebeenspedupTheproportionofthelightmanufacturingindustry(mainlyindustriesthatproduceproductionmaterialsandlivingmaterials)%%,theproportionoftheheavymanufacturingindustry(mainlyindustriesthatproduceproductionmaterials)%%.After2001,inparticular,theproportionofheavymanufacturingindustryroseevenfaster,(SeeChart3).Thecountrys,%in2003,ofwhich,theheavymanufacturingindustry’,thelightandheavy,theheavymanufacturingindustry’scontributionraterosedrastically,%whilethelightmanufacturingindustry’%.Itmeantthatnearlythree-fourths(%in2003)oftheindustrialcontr,theyaremainlyconcentratedintechnology-intensiveindustries,suchasheavyandchemicalindustriesandelectronicsandinformationindustriesSincethereformandopening-up,therewerethreeroundsoffast-growthcyclespushedbyfast-growingienbyligh,whichstartedintheearly1990s,wasbroughtalongbythehigh-growthindustries,includinginfrastructureandbasicindustries(highway,portandelectricity,etc.)andhouseholdappliances(colorTV,refrigerator,washingmachineandairconditioner).Thethirdroundofgrowth,whichoccurredafter2001,includehousing,automobile,urbanin,machinery,buildinngoftheresidents’consumption,thusshapingthelawofdevelopmentthattheupgradi(SeeChart4).Fromthe1980stoearly1990s,thefirstfiveleadingindustrieswerethoserelatedtoresidents’,thefirstfiveindustriesweremostlyheavyandchemicalindustriesandelectronicsandtelecommunicationequipmentindustrieswhiletherelevanceofthesefast-growingindustrieswasintensified,,gtheirheavyandchemicalindustrialdevelopment,thegreatestdifferencefromChinaliesinthefactthatitselectronicsandtelecommunicationequipmentindustri’tionlevelarethemaincausesleadingtotheimbalanceofthreeindustrialstructuresThelaggingdevelopmentofthetertiaryindustryismainlyduetothetwocausesasfollows:First,modernservicesectorislaggingbehind,roduction-orientedservicetradehaslonglaggingbehind,andtheservicesinfinanceandinsurance,realestate,logistics,scientificde,,%,’slowurbanizationl,"dualeconomy"structurehave,ontheonehand,ledtoamanufacturingindustrycateringtothewho,thetertiaryindustrythatmainlyservesthedomesticmarkethasbeenlimitedduetourbanizationlaggingbehindtheeconomy.、澳门24小时电竞用户至上365bet网址ZhangLiqun,,PlannedEconomyandIndustrialTa,thebasicfeatureofthi,itemphasizedthedtributionofthismodeofgrowthtotheprocessofChina’,someeconomists[1]calculatedthelevelofall-factorproductivityofChina’sstate-ownedindustrialenterprisesforthe1953-1978period(asthestate-ownedsectorandtheindustrialsectorduringthisperiodconstitutedtheprincipalpartofthenationaleconomy,theaboveanalysiscanbeapproximatelyregardedasananalysisoftheoverallefficiencyofeconomicgrowth).Intheircalculation,thevalueofα(expressedastheweightsofdefinitecapitalandlaborinconcreteanalysis),industrialoutputvalueofallstate-ownedindependen,thecontributionratesofcapitalinput,laborinputandall-factorproductivity(definedastechnologicaladvanceinthisanalysis)wererespectively63percent,,,acturingsystem,toproduceatomicbombs,missiles,satellitesandothersophisticatedproducts,andtoran,itwouldbeunthinkableforChinatoreformandopenupandtocomprehe,theChinesepeoplelaidahistoricfoundationfortheircountry’sindependencean,,economistsandeconomicworkersbegantoseeandanalyzethedrawbacksofthepla,theyintroducedtheconceptsof"extensionalgrowth"and"intensionalgrowth",theymadeafurtheranalysiso,theybegantonoticetheefficiencyofcapitalandlaboruseintheprocessofeconomicgrowthandformedtheconceptsofextensive,intensive,,thesefeaturesaredet;emphasizingthelaunchofnew,theeventualforcetochangethemodeofeconomicgrowthcharacterizedbytheplannedeconomyandindustrialtake-offwasfromthMovingfromthePlannedEconomytoaMarketEconomyandAdjustinedeconomytoamarketeconomyintermsofeconomicsystemandthegrowingdependenceonmarketmechanismstorectifythestructureofsocialproductionarisadjustmentofthestructureofproductionwerearesultoftheaccumulatedcontradictionsbetweenth,’sreformandopeningup,theincreaseinproductivityarisingfromadvancesinsystem,,theincreaseinefficiencyfromtheperspectivesofthecom,thecontributionrateofChina’,,economistsmadedeeperdiscussionsonthemodeofeconomicgrowthinlightofthechronicproblemsassociatedwithChina’shandlingoftherelationshipbetweenspeedandefficiencyinitseconomicdevelopmentandinligh"quantitative"economyshouldbereplacedwitha"qualitative"economy,thatthe"speedmodeofeconomicgrowth"shouldbereplacedwitha"structuralmodeofgrowth",andthatthe"expending"modeofgrowthshouldbereplacedwithan"efficiency"China’owth,boththestructureofsystemandthestructureofproductionunderwentextremelydrasticchanges,andthattherectificationbymarketmechanismsoftherelationsbetweenproductionandhashighinput,ofthiionaleconomicsystemandmodeofdevelopment,whichrepresentedthefundamentalcauseforthemodeofeconomicgrowthtochangefurther.LiShantong,HouYongzhiFengJie,Departm,ategyandPoliciesforaCoordinatedRegionalDevelodpolicytoachievethisgoal:First,’sintegrationwithworldeconomyarebeingdeepened,itisstillt,weshould,first,encourage(atleastnotprevent)theconcentrationofresourcesandelementstowardsadvantageousregionssoastoformseveralregionswithinternationallystrongorfairlystrongcompetitiveness–thisisarealisticchoicethatshouldbemadeagainstthecurrentbackground;second,duringthe11thFive-YearPlanorinafairlylongperiodoftime,therecouldnotbeabundantresourcestobeusedtosolv,asthebuyer’smarketisformedanddomesticandinternationalcompetitionistenser,cesupply,futureregionalcooperationwilltargetthegoalofexploringthemarket,,thevariousphenomena,whichusuallyrunagainstregionaldevelopment,occurduringthetransitionalperiod,,,toeliminatethephenomenathatimpairregionaldevelopmentandrealizecoordinatedregionaldevelopment,weshouldpushformarket-orie,,asthecountryisgraduallymergedintotheglobaleconomy,saswellastradeandinvestmentrelationswithothercountries(regions).Onthebasisoftheaboveanalysis,webelievethatthefollowingthreemajorrelationshipsshouldbewellhandledinmakingandimplementingregionaldevelopmentstrategiesandpolicies:pandraisingthecountry’soverallstrengthandcompetitivenessTheregionalgaphasarousedwidespreadconcernandbeenr,,weshouldnotethattheregionalgapwasinawaycausedbypolicyorientation,,itisinhisproblem:thedevelopedregionsarenotcompetitiveenoughtocopewithinternationalcompetition,sothe,duringthe11thFive-YearPlanandeventhewholeperiodofbuildingthewell-offsociety,wemustproperlyhandletherelationshipbetweencurbingtheexpandingoftheregionalgapandraisingthecountry’,thecentralgovernmentmustbeaskedtoprodinthedevelopedregions,andeventuallytotheimprovementofthecompetitivenessofdevelopedregionsandthecentralgovernment’,butinthelongrun,itwillaffecttheupgradingofcompetitivenessandfortunecreationabilityofthedevelopedregions,thushavinganegativeimpactonthecentralgovernment’,regionalpolicyduringthe11thFive-YearPlanshouldtakeintocvelopedregions,,theregionalgapwillcontinusmorepublicproductsandtakepropermeasurestopromotethedevelopmentoftheirsocialwelfaresothattheresidentsintheseregionswouldgradsourcesandproperlyplayingtheroleofgovernmentUnderamarketeconomy,,thegovernmentusedadministrativemeanstoforcetheelementstoflowwithoutfollowingtheeconomiclaworconsideringtheelements’eteconomy,thegovernment,especiallythecentralgovernment,,guiderationalindustrialdivision,promoteregionalcooperation,supporttheless-developedregionstoincreasetheabilitytoprovideproductsandencouragethedsoftheregionalpoliciesvelopmentinthetargetregionsoftheregionalpolicies.GaoShiji,ChenWeiZhangAn,Research,2005Thegovernment’spublicservicefunctionmustbestrengthenedifChinaistoimplementthescientificconceptofdevelopment,achieveaco,"Itisimperativetopromotethegovernment’sadministrationaccordingtolaw,expeditethechangeoffunctions,deepenthereformoftheadministrativesystem,trulyseparategovernmentfunctionsfromenterprisemanagement,separategovernmentfunctionsfromstateassetsmanagementandseparategovernmentestablishmentsfrompublicinstitutions,mainlyuseeconomicandlegaltoolstomanageeconomicactivitiesandmobilizeallforcestoimproveeconomicregulation,marketsupervision,socialmanagementandpublicservices."Howtomobilizevariousresourcesandprovidepublicserviceseffectivelyindiverseformsandhowtoestablishaneffectivemanagementsystemwhileintroducingcompetitionmechanismstoensurethefairness,qualityandefficiencyofpublicserviceprovisionrepresentchallengestothePartyandgovernmentintheareasofgovernmentadministrationconcept,oanytypeofservicesthatareprovidedtothepublicandhavethefollowingcharacteristics:publicservicesrefertothesocialserviceundertakings,suchasscienceandtechnology,education,culture,medicalcareandsports,whicharetraditionallyprovidedbythepublicinstitutionsinChinaan,thereexistspotentialandseriousmarketmalfunction(interpretedbroadlyasthecauseofequityandefficiency).,fundingandregulation(GroutStevens,2003).Asthereexistproblemssuchasincompletecompetition,asymmetricalinformation,externalityandsocialinequity,itisim,thegovernmicservices,p,traditionalpublicservicessuchaselementaryed,Franceandothercountries,basicmedicalservices,theNetherlandsandothercountries,,commercialinsuranceinstitutionsandindividualstoprovidefundsfor,thegovernmentregulatoryinstitutions,industries’self-disciplinaryorganizationsandconsumerrightsprotectionorganizationsalsofiscalresponsibilityofthegovernmentinprovidingelementaryeducation,publichealth,,aneffectivepublicauditsystemisind,aintothetraditional,andsupplierandintroduceothernonprofit-makingandprofit-makinginstitutionssoastorealizeaneffectiveallocationofresourcesatorysystemandstrengthenthegovernment’"usepublicpowerstomakeandimplementrulesandstandards"soastointerveneintheeconomicandsocialactivitiesofvariousactors,includingtheeconomiccontentsofproductsandservicessuchasprice,quality,entryandexitandthesocialcontentsofproductsandservicessuchassafety,health,hygieneandenvironmentalprotection(Breyer,1982;Hood,etal,1999).Regulationisanimportanttooltoovercomenaturalmonopoly,informationasymmetry,"orderandcontrol"modeofthetraditionaladministrativesystem,the,,governmentrolesinensuringeffectivemarketoperationandharmonioussocialdevelopmesalsoaprocessinwhichthegovernment’(Moran,2002;GlaserShleifer,2003).Publicserviceregulationreferstothefactthatthegovernmentemployspublicpowerstomakeandimplementrulesandstandardstocontroltheindependent-operatingpublicserviceinstitutions(insideoroutsidegovernment),publicserviceregulationcanbedividedintoregulationinsidegovernmentorregulationwithingovernmentandregulationofbusiness.、DVOR’,an,China’seconomyhasbyandlargesteppedontothetrackofsocialistmarketeconomy,themechanismofmarkethasstartedtoplayabasicroleindistributionofresources,andthetradebasedoncredithasbecomethedominantmethodinthecountry’,a"buyersmarket",,creditofferedbyenterpriseforpurchasea,however,thedisorderofcreditsystemhasbecomeacriticalissuehamperingChina’,andbecomebaddebts,increasingnon-performingloanndelayedforalongtime,,counterfeitandinfringem,concealing,,increasedthetransactioncostsanddecreasedtheeconomicoperationefficiency,butalsodirectlyaffectedandhamperedthemarketmechanismfromplayinganormalroleinthedistributionofresources,andreducedtheeffectofgovernment’spolioncontractsamongeconomicentities,’sentryintotheWTO,thechaosincreditsystemalsoseriouslytarnishedthecountry’sinternationalcreditimage,’smodernmarketeconomyhadnotgrownenough,theeconomybasedoncreditappearedlate,,,socialeconomicentitieslacktheco,althoughtheconceptofmarketeconomyforurbanandruralresidentsandenterpriseshavebeenstrengthened,theculturalenvironmtmechanismforassessingcreditmoralitybasedonwhich,withinanenterprise,whichincludesmanagementofreceivablesandproductsales,,throughwhichenterpriseithinChina’,improperofferingofcreditalwaysleadtofailureinperformingthecontract,andcredit-offeringenterprisesfrequentstatusofclients,,asthepropertyrightsystemofstate-ownedenterprisesisnotcomplete,theirinternaladministrationstructureisnotstandardized,andthesituationofbeingdependentongovernmentshasnotbeenendedcompletely,,uponwhichthevulnerablepartywithlessinformationwillbedefrauded,’ssociety:ontheonehand,thedataofcreditinformationisopenedinlowdegree;thereislackofachanneltostandardizethedistributionandcollectionofinformation;thereisnospecificlawprovisionsonpublicityanduseofcollectedinformation;informationaboutenterprisesandindividualsinthehandsofgovernmentdepartmentsandspecial,,marketoperationandcreditproductstosomeenterprises,theirmarketislimitedandisoperatedatadispersedstate,t,thedatabasesofChina’screditinter,,’srelatedlawsarenotcompleteandthepunishmentmechanismagainstbreachoffaithisnotcomplete,agreatnumberofdefaultsw,effectivecreditjointmechanismandthecreditinformationisunsymmetric,the"blackrecords"of,rtywholosecredibilityandindirectlybreakstheconfidenceofthosehono,thereisacompletecreditsupervisionandmanagementsystemofthestate,includinglegislationandenforcementrelatingtocredit,,,althoughthereisaprincipleofhonoringcreditinChina’sGeneralPrinciplesofCivilLaw,ContractLaw,andLawagainstCompetitionbyInappropriateMeans,andtherearesomeregulationsconcerningpunishmentonfraudsandsimilarcrimesintheCriminalLaw,thisstilldoesnotconst,ivelyweak....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo162,cingactivityreferstoinformallyorganizedpublicfinvestmentandfinancingprocesseswherethesurplussocialcapitalsaretransfondepartmentsaresovigorousistyaimedatservingtheprivateeconomyandfillingupthevacancyofthesupplyanddemandmarket,ficultiesSincethereformandopeningup,China’,householdindus,,,theto,,,,ts"supplementary"s,however,thefinancingdifficultythathasalsystemandstructuralproblemsintheformalfinancialsystem,neitherthecapitalmarketnorthefundmarkethasev,about80percentoftheenterprisesregardfinancingdifficultyastheirmajordevelopmentobstacle,andover90percentofhouseholdandprivateenterprise(exceptlistedcompanies),theirowncapitaltakesup65percent,privateloansandcommercialcreditstakeup25percent,bankloansonlytakeup10percent,rivateenterprisescanhardlysatisfytheircapitaldemandthroughformalchannels,informalfinancingactivitieshaveremainedvigorousinareaswithdevelopedprivateeconomyandhavebecomeamajorsourceyrestrictedvarioustypesofprivatefinancingactivitiesandstrictlybanned"illegalfundraising"activities,,theymainlytakethefollowingways:,privateborrowingmarkethasneverceasedthanthatofbanklending,manyurbanresidentsinvestedtheirfundsintothismarketall-sizedenterprises,downstreamenterprisesdelaytheirpaymentsforupstreamenterprises,enterprisesdelaypaymenttooneanother,a,whenenterprise,theguaranteedenterpriseusesitsenterpriypartytodoso,thecreditor’,significantnumberofunderground(orsemi-underground)privatebanksandmiddlemenhds,:First,strength,buttheyhavetopayinterestsforinformalfinancingatadoubleratethanthatoftheformalfinancing,,’scapitalmarketrevealsthatthecostforlistingisveryhighwhetheranenterprisegetsdirectlylisted,orthroughpurchasingthemajor,,,duetohighinvestmentrisks,,,asthesharesofnon-listedcompaniescanhardlycirculate,manyundergroundtransactionstookplace,,undergroundstocktransactionsusedtoprevailinXi’an,Chengdu,Hainan,,theincomesfromstockownershiptrusteeofonly50enterprisesdelistedfromthestockexchangeamountedtoRMB30millioninoneyear,uitycirculationbycertaindegree,theyalsocreatedlotsof"primarysharefrauds".Somecompaniesjoinedtoge,aldoesnotonlyintensifytheproblemofchain-debtsinsociety,,,inter-en,however,,somelawlesspeoplehaveexploit,withsomeloansgrownfromthesizeof"ant"intothatof"elephant",andtheborrowersbeenruined,whichseriouslyaffectedsocialstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1DatafromtheAll-ChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerce.,growingprosperityofthemainindustriesinChina’dents’consumptionstructurehavegenerallyshownamomentumofrapidgrowth,suchasautomobilemanufacturing,,,industriesthataredirectlyboundntainahigherlevelofprosperityandthereisfurtherspaceforthegrowth;,developmentoftheindustriesdirectlyrelatedtotheupgradingofconsumptionstructure,electroniccomponentsmanufacturingindustryandpapermakingandp,withtherapiddevelopmentoftheconsumergoodsindustries,driveofthedemandsintheupstreammanufacturingindustriesaswellasthedriveoftherelevantinvestmentwillbefurtherstrengthenedin2004;ontheotherhand,paceofglobalmanufacturingindustrymovingtoChinaiscontinua,thetrendofChina’industriesaschemicalindustry,mechanicalindustry,ironandsteelindustry,non-ferrousmetalsindus,andthefeatureof"heavyindustries",demandforenergiesandrawmaterialscausedbytherapiddevelopmentofheavyindustriesoncegaverisetoatensesituationofsupplyshortageintheareaofsteelproducts,rawmaterialsforchemicalindustryandelectricpower,andresultedinsoaringpricesformeansofproduction,,pricesoftheresourceproductsininternationalmarketwentup,sicenergiesandrawmaterials,suchasironore,,asitishardtospeedupremarkablythesupplyofrawmaterialsandtheexpansionofproductioncapacityoftheupstreamindustriesinashortperiodoftime,plustheproduction-limitingadjustmentbypartofthecountriesinconsiderationoftheresourceshortage,thereislittlepossibilityforevidentimproveme,pricesforrawmaterialswillremainatahigherl,ironandsteelindustry,petrochemicalindustry,rubbermanufacturi,computermanufacturingindustryandelectroniccomponentsanddevicesmanecomeprominentlyfierce,thepricesofcommunicationequipmenthavedroppeddrastically,thusleavingtheprospectsforthere,forecastshaveshownthat,undertheinfluenceoftheinvestmentcycleofthetelecommunicationsindustry,thecommunicationequipmentmanufacturingindustryislikelytoshowaowthofexportoverrecenttwoyearshasmadeChinaacountryltradebarrierstobeencounteredbyChina-madeproductswillincreasebydegreesandwillbringalotofnegativeinfluencesonChina’ustry,chemicalrawmaterialmanufacturingindustryandpartofdomesticelectricappliancesmanufacturingindustr。

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